Sunday, May 11, 2008

Stories About Pioneer Times--"Otis Lysander Terry" and "Leva Judd"

In the comments to this post, you will find an account from Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel which includes Otis Lysander Terry and "Leva Judd."  I hope you will find it interesting!

1 comment:

SLCDramaGirl said...

Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868
Foote, Warren, Autobiography and journals 1837-1903, vol. 1, 110-26.
Full Text:
My health being so poor I began to reflect upon my situation and about going to the Valley of Salt Lake. I felt that my health would never be much better here. Being impressed by the Spirit I repaired to the top of the Bluff north of the Mill, not far from the burying ground and there poured forth my soul in prayer to God, that He would make known His will to me, what He would have me to do, and if it was His will that I should move to the Valley this season, to open up the way, that I might sell my share of the mill, and obtain an fitout for that purpose. While I was thus engaged, the Spirit of God rested upon me, and impressed me with the following words. “The way shall be opened before you, and notwithstanding your ill health inasmuch as you put your trust in me I will preserve your life, and not one of your family shall fall by the way, but I will bring you safely to the Valley of Salt Lake[”]. This filled my soul with joy, and I returned to my house with a full determination to set about preparing to go. While the California emigrants were passing, I had a light wagon at Bro. Obanions for which he was making a box and one of the emigrants seeing wanted to trade a heavier one for it. I told Obanion to trade with him. I gave a little boot and got a good strong new two horse wagon strong enough to haul 4000 lbs to the Valley. This was before I thought of going this spring. But I think that the Lord was then preparing the way for me. About the last of May I sold my share of the mill to Father Myers, and obtained a comfortable “outfit.” In two weeks after selling out I was ready to start with one wagon[,] two yoke of oxen and three cows, two of (them) I worked between the yoke of oxen. George Ken[t], whose brother is in the Valley is going to drive my team for the privilege of going with me, and board. It has been very rainy of late. This is June 10th.

June 11th We started from Kanesville in company with Otis L Terry, and his father and brother Charles A. Terry. The Saints are crossing the Missouri River 18 miles below Kanesville this year and going up the south side of the Platte River. We drove down to Musquito [Mosquito] Creek bridge and camped.

June 12th We moved on down to within one and an half mile of the Ferry and unhitched our teams just in time to attend the meeting for organizing the company. One of my neighbors who was going with us said to me, “I am going to have (you) put in Captain of ten[.]” I answered “No I don’t want any office.” This was before meeting com[m]enced. Elder Hyde soon arrived and proceeded to organize the company. He arose and after looking over the congregation a moment he said, “I nominate Warren Foote captain of one hundred.” It was so unexpected to me I must confess that I was completely dum[b]founded. After I was unanimously voted in, Bro. Hyde nominated Otis L. Terry captain of the first fifty. He was as much (taken) by surprise as I was. He was voted in unanimously. Elder Hyde then asked for some one to nominate a captain of the second fifty, and someone nominated Wm. Wall which was car[r]ied. Elder Hyde said that the captains of (the) hundred and of fifties would organize the company into tens. The meeting was then dismissed. “Well,” said my neighbor to me, “You did not want any office not even to be a captain of ten and we’ve made you captain of a hundred.” “Well I wish that they had not done it,” said I, “But I will do the best I know how.” In the afternoon we proceeded to organize into tens. The following is the complete organization of the Hundred.

Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868
Judd, Mary Minerva Dart, Autobiographical sketch, in Mormon biographical sketches collection [ca. 1900-1975], reel 5, box 6, fd. 3, item 3, 2.
Full Text:
We cold [sold] all the grain we had and bought a team and wagon and started for the mountains. When we got onto the bottoms the cholera over took us about four oclock in the afternoon. My brother George died in one hour (June 28, 1850) after taking the disease. My sister Harriet [Paulina Dart] died the next morning about four o’clock, so we buried two, there away from any human habitation, on a little hill on the flat. Then we traveled on until within four miles of Fort Laramany [Laramie] here my mother [Lucy Ann Roberts Dart] died. Three out of our family since we had crossed the river. At the mouth of the Platt[e] river there was a stampede that night, a mule came from the Fort with a chain on or something of the kind so the cattle got scared and ran away and had a stampede, we used the broken chairs for a cover over our mother, she died July 6, 1850. She having been baptized before she died, and at her funeral was sung “And if we die before our journeys through all is well.” There were Elders from the mountains meet us there and administered to her the day before she died. Brother Terry and sister Leva Judd were the only ones that dared to help us an they were afraid of the cholera, our family being the first that took the cholera in our camp, but there was some fifteen that died in our camp after that. Soon after, we came into the bufflo country my father [John Dart] took quite sick and thought he might die and leave us all orphans. Elder [Newman Greenleaf] Blodget and others told him if he got baptized it would heal him, so he was baptized and was healed and came on to the Valley.

Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868
Sanderson, Henry Weeks, Autobiography 1884-1889, 75-80.
Full Text:
I bought one yoke oxen paying $50.00[.] returned home & bought 4 or 5 head cows then went energetly to work prepareing to emigrate to the Valley[.] Father Sanders had left an old wagon & I purchased another & with Some assistance repaired them up[.] I made Ox bows & wagon bows & excellent ones[.] hired Br [Jared] Porter to make yokes[.] he being on experenced hand we laid in our Supplies & was ready to Start with others that were going from our neighborhood[.] I was to have the yoke cattle although I did not claim them but I had three cows two of which I yoked up the day before we Started letting them run in the yoke[.] but for fear that they would get into trouble tied their tails together & at night when I went to take of[f] the yoke forgetting the condition of their tails let the near one out of the Yoke & being on a Steep Side hill She Started down draging the other with her & I had to Speedily cut the bush of tail in order to Separate them[.] I had in my team 1 yoke Oxen & yoke cows].] John had for a team three yoke cows[.] in a few days made leaders of my cows & my worst trouble with them was that they were to ambitious[.] when organised Warren Foot was Captain of one hundred & O[tis] L[ysander] Terry Captain of the fifty that we traveled in[.] I think that Jared Porter was captain of ten[.] this was the year 1850[.] the Cholerea was bad & a portion of the Journey was performed in Sorrow & much mourning[.] the first death with that decease was in our hundred was in the other fifty from the one I was in but as we camped within a mile or two of each other I visited the camp & was there at the burrial & was censured by Some for thus exposeing myself[.] Sickness Soon assailed our camp[.] persons would take suddenly Sick & in a few days hours be dead[.] but think sickness had abated by the time we reached Laramie[.] the desease Seemed to be in the air & their were some nights that I would go to bed Sick & could hardly avoid vomiting & as that was the way Cholera commenced I would exercise all the will power I could Command[.] say nothing to my wife for fear of frightenning her[.] had a tea Kettle filled with tar at our heads[.] would fumigate with that to counteract the stench in the air & when my wife got to Sleep would get up and walk around with the guard until my Sickness would pass of[f.] do not know how many (we lost) out of our company but remember that there was nine died out of one family leaveing but the father & one daughter[.] their was little enjoyment during the time that the disease lasted[.] I Still think that it was my exertion of will that prevented me from haveing it[.] after getting into the Buffalo district we would lay over occaisionaly a day & ten or a dozen of the best hunters would be Selected to go out & Kill game[.] I was always of the number[.] on one Such occaision we were paired of[f] & [Thomas] Wesley Rose was my companion[.] Wagons were sent along to bring in the game & to carry water in case of thirst[.] we wandered of to such a distance that we did not know which direction to look for a wagon[.] I Killed a very fine Buffalo Cow when Rose & myself were seperated[.] but in hearing so that when he heard me shout he came to me & we dressed the Bufalo[.] we were very thirsty but I considered that their would be no better meat obtained that day & was anxious to Save this[.] it therefore became a question which should go to hunt up a wagon[.] he declared he could not stay with the meat for fear that he would perish with the heat & his thirst[.] I stayed & in looking around & noticed a damp looking Spot about a half mile & thought I might posibly by digging obtain water[.] I Started but got but little ways before the wolfs were around my meat & I had to Speedily return & run them off[.] I made other attemps but the wolfs were on the allert & I had to give it up[.] Rose was so long returning with wagon that the meat was spoiled by the time we got to Camp[.] as we neared the Valley David Sanders Came out & met us which was the first news we had heard from the portion of the family that had come out the year before[.] I then learnt that three of my Oxen had died the past winter & the wagon was used up[.] it was a disappointment to me as I had thought that upon my arrival I should have a good team to go to work with[.] I afterwards learned that Father Sanders had took on freight for others on the road for the sale of the pay until he had team & wagon & the Oxen were so wore out that they were unable to winter on the range[.] as we were nearing the valley a young man by the name of George Madsen came out to our Company to meet his Mother[.] he persuade the Officers of the Company that he could benefit them greatly by showing them cutt offs & his offer was accepted & we traveled two or three days through Sage brush & sand makeing it much harder on our teams each day[.] I protested[.] I had let others use my cows in their teams that were more in need than I was as the Oxen that I used proved to be good & I finally one evening told the officers that I would not travel the cut offs any longer & they giveing me no satisfaction[.] John Sanders & myself got up our Cattle Soon in the morning hitched up & started for the road[.] others Seeing what we were up to undertook to go with us but were for various reasons detered[.] one man that had a surplus of team furnishing two or thee yoke cattle for the general good of the company had got them all up with the intention of going with us was Stopt by force[.] others were promised that the Company would take to the road again & try no more cutt offs[.] but this was after we had left & the Company did follow our tracks out[.] we traveled alone ten days or two weeks gaining all the time on the Company & our cattle gaining in flesh & strength but we met an express Sent out by Prest B Young informing us that their were some Indians in that region that were disposed to do mischief & it was unsafe to travel in Small Companys & we were advised to Stop until a Company came up[.] we done so[.] our own company being the first[.] I think we laid over nearly two days while we were traveling along & had campt for the night[.] a footman came along & asked for Something to eat[.] we gave him his Supper & Supposed he intended staying with us during the night but as it was growing dark he stole off[.] we thought we were remiss in not asking him to Stop with & John & myself Started out to overtake him & bring him back Supposeing that he would not go far before takeing up quarters for the night[.] we had each taken a gun with us[.] we went half or three fourths of a mile when he suddenly sprang into the road & run like a deer[.] I for a moment thought of giveing him a race but considering that he was frightened my chaseing him would tend to increase his fright refrained from So doing intending him no harm[.] on our return to the wagons we ran across two bear on a Side hill near the road[.] we debated about Shooting at them but concluded as it was too dark to See the Sights on our guns that we would pass them by[.] we had Some difficulty getting our former posission[position] in the company in Second ten some contending that we should fall in the rear[.] but we were obstinate & took our places & nothing more was Said about it at least that came to my ears[.] Mother Amanda Sanders about this time took Sick with Pluresy in the side & growing worse it was hurting her very much to ride in the wagon[.] when we arrived at the Weber I was getting concerned about her & concluded that I would come in on horse back & induce Father Sanders to take a Spring vehicle & go out & meet the Company that she might ride with more ease[.] I engaged a horse at in the evening & arose early in the morning & started expecting that I would reach my destination that night but was disappointed in the endurance of the horse[.] when I got between the two mountains east of Salt Lake he tired out & I was compelled to Camp for the night[.] I made an early Start the next morning & after traveling a short distance daylight comeing on I noticed on ahead Wolfs at a carcass one hundred yards or more from the road that I was traveling[.] they were large & white Such as were called the Buffalo wolf[.] they looked so near of a Size & color that I counted them eight in number & rode on giveing myself no more concern about them until I came even with them[.] when I happened to cast my eye that way & was Surprised to see them comeing towards me in as good a line as a company of Soldiers all abreast[.] that was something new in my experience[.] I threw myself from my horse took rest across the saddle & snaped without dischargeing the gun[.] it being a flint lock I thought the fault was in the flint[.] took out my pocket knife & pecked the flint[.] snapped again[.] the Wolfs still comeing on very deliberately[.] I suppose I snapped the gun two or three more times[.] they came up within ten or twelve steps of me then turned to the East[.] I then took time to examine my gun & found that the primeing had been jolted out of the pan the powder being fine & the pan not shetting [shutting] very close[.] I primed & gave them a parting Shot wounding one & breaking up their soldierly ranks[.] I have thought that if I had have run they would have given chase & made a Serious affair of it; I arrived at Father Sanders place 12 miles South of Salt Lake City on Jordan river & he went & met the Company[.] David Sanders had been left with my team[.] I remained at my mothers until the company got in[.] I then turned the Oxen over to Father Sanders leaveing me three cows & no team.

Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868
Foote, Warren, [Autobiography], in James Albert Jones, comp., Some Early Pioneers of Huntington, Utah and Surrounding Area [1980], 78-79.
Full Text:
11 June 1850. We traveled in company with 3 other families to the place where the company was to organize. It was 18 miles below Kanesville and we arrived on the 21st. Elder Orson Hyde proceeded to organize a company of 100. He nominated me to be captain, with Otis L. [Lysander] Terry and William [Madison Wall] captains of 50. The company started from the Missouri River 17 June 1850.

After a wearysome journey of 101 days, we arrived in Salt Lake City, 26 Sept 1850. There were about 20 deaths in the company, most of them caused by cholera, in the beginning of the journey.

Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel, 1847–1868
Warren Foote Emigrating Company, Journal 1850 June-Sept.
Full Text:
This Company was organised on the 12th of June by Elder O. Hyde on the Camping ground 2 miles from the ferry above Bethlehem, Warren Foot, appointed Captain of the hundred and Otis Lysander Terry Captn. of the first division & William [Madison] Wall Captn. of the Second division.

on the 17th our whole company camped on a Creek about 3 miles from the ferry w[h]ere the officers met and passed the following resolutions for the intended benifit of the Company of the company while Journeying to the Valley of the Salt Lake

1stSamuel Mulliner was chosen Clerk for the Camp while jouneying

2ndResolved that the company will arise in the morning when the horn shall blow at 4 o’clock and after the necessary preparation for starting the horn shall blow for prayers at ½ past 8[.] also the horn shall blow for prayer every evening at ½ past 8

3d Resolved that if any of the company while on gaurd shall neglect his duty by sleep or otherwise for the first offence he shall be reported from the stand and if after ward found guilty of neglect he shall be again reported and be subjected to extra duty in day time herding Cattle

4th Resolved that any member of this camp who is in the habit of profane swearing and after being reproved by their Captain shall still persist they shall be published from the stand

5th Resolved that if any person practice unnessesary cruelty to their animals and after being reproved shall persist in such cruelty they will be brought before the Captains of the Camp who whall levy such fine or punishment as they deem just.

On the (eve of the) 18th these resolutions was presented to the first division and accepted unanimous. the 2nd division was not in Camp owing to a birth which took place in their Camp

Resolved that no fire arms loaded and primed or Caped shall be allowed in Camp only by the guard as in Case of necessity and when not about to be used the Cap or priming to be instantly removed f[.] A neglect of this law will incur the severest penalty of camp regulations[.] At a meeting of the 1st Division on the evening of the 18th it was motioned and carried unanimous that each Captain of ten should present to the Captain of the guard 3 men each for the night guard—

Captn. [John] Greaves resigned his comand[.] Br. [John] McDonald was chosen[.] Br. [Joseph L.] Lish was chosen Captn. and John Hill[,] Sergeant of the night guard and Charles [Alphonzo] Terry Captain of the day guard.

A motion for tying up dogs while not travelling was passed[.] if found loose contrary to this law liable to be shot

21st Motioned that no Cattle shall be taken out of the Carrel till after prayer in the morning[.]

Warren Foote Captn. of 100, 1 Waggon, 6 Persons, 7 Cattle

Otis L[ysander] Terry Captn. of 1st Division, 1 Waggon, 6 Persons, 8 Cattle

Samuel Mulliner Captn. 1st ten, 2 Waggons, 8 Persons, 13 Cattle

Otis Terry, 1 Waggon, 2 Persons, 4 Cattle

Charles A[lphonzo] Terry, 1 Waggon, 5 Persons, 6 Cattle

Alexr. H[amilton] Loveridge, 1 Waggon, 5 Persons, 6 Cattle

John Roylance, 1 Waggon, 8 Persons, 8 Cattle

Ann Madson [Madsen], 1 Waggon, 2 Persons, 6 Cattle

Jesse McCarroll, 1 Waggon, 5, Persons, 10 Cattle

John Hill, 1 Waggon, 5 Persons, 4 Cattle

George [Washington] Rose Captn. 2 ten, 1 Waggon, 6 Persons, 10 Cattle

Wesley Rose, 1 Waggon, 5 Persons, 9 Cattle

John Rose, 1 Waggon, 7 Persons, 8 Cattle

Jared Porter, 2 Waggons, 13 Persons, 12 Cattle

Henry W[eeks] Sanderson, 2 Waggons, 7 Persons, 10 Cattle

Susannah Ward, 1 Waggon, 8 Persons, 6 Cattle

John G Stocking, 2 Waggons, 6 Persons, 15 Cattle

[Total] 21 Waggons, 114 Persons, 142 Cattle

Silas G Simmons[,] Captn. 3 ten, 1 Waggon, 1 person, 9 Cattle

Robert W[illiams]. Bidwell, 2 Waggons, 6 Persons, 13 Cattle, 3 Sheep

John Mowers [Mower], 1 Waggon, 2 Persons, 6 Cattle

Simeon Cragan, 1 Waggon, 2 Persons, 5 Cattle

Robert Montgomery, 2 Waggons, 12 Persons, 14 Cattle, 1 Horses

John Fotheringham, 1 Waggon, 5 Persons, 7 Cattle

Washington L[afayette] Jolly, 1 Waggon, 8 Persons, 10 Cattle, 10 Sheep

Joseph L Lish Capt. 4 ten, 2 Waggons, 9 Persons, 14 Cattle, 1 Horse

William S[eely] Lish, 1 Waggon, 4 Persons, 6 Cattle

Samuel Glasgow, 1 Waggon, 3 Persons, 8 Cattle

Ira Casselman, 1 Waggon, 2 Persons, 8 Cattle

John Hamilton, 2 Waggons, 4 Persons, 16 Cattle, 3 Horses

John Mayer, 2 Waggons, 6 Persons, 11 Cattle

John Snalham, 1 Waggon, 2 Persons, 10 Cattle

William [Benjamin] Ralph[s], 1 Waggon, 4 Persons, 6 Cattle

Jane [Lavinia Littlewood] Rigby, 1 Waggon, 8 Persons, 6 Cattle

[Total] 21 Waggons, 78 Persons, 149 Cattle, 5 Horses, 13 Sheep

John Greaves[,] Captn. 5 ten, 1 Waggon, 3 Persons, 12 Cattle, 1 Horse

David Amos [David Rowland Eames], 1 Waggon, 2 Persons, 1 Horse

Robert Dixon [Dickson], 1 Waggon, 7 Persons, 7 Cattle

William Stones, 1 Waggon, 8 Persons, 6 Cattle

William Clemens, 1 Waggon, 5 Persons, 6 Cattle

John Proctor, 1 Waggon, 5 Persons, 5 Cattle

John McDonald, 2 Waggons, 5 persons, 10 Cattle, 3 Horses

Newman G[reenleaf]. Blodget[t], 2 Waggons, 7 Persons, 32 Cattle, 140 Sheep

John Dart, 1 Waggon, 10 Persons, 8 Cattle

[Moses] Wade, 1 Waggon, 5 Persons, 8 Cattle

12 Waggons, 57 Persons, 94 Cattle, 5 Horses, 140 Sheep
21 Waggons, 78 Persons, 149 Cattle, 5 Horses, 13 Sheep
21 Waggons, 114 Persons, 142 Cattle
54 Waggons, 249 Persons, 385 Cattle, 10 Horses, 153 Sheep

Guard Roll 1st Division

Gaurd [Guard] roll 1 ten, 11 Persons
Gaurd roll, 2 ten, 15 Persons
Gaurd roll 3 ten, 11 Persons
Gaurd roll 4 ten, 14 Persons
Gaurd roll, 5 ten, 12 Persons
total fit to guard, 63 Persons

June 29th Names of those babtised into the church in our camp By Samuel Mulliner

John Dart[,] Age[,] Birthplace

July 1st Franklin Cunningham

on the 14th July I Babtised and rebabtised some 30 or 40 who were requested to leave with me their names & ages but in our travels it has been neglected[.] Some of those babtised[:]

James Montgomery, born April 1, 1831
John Montgomery, June 5, 1832
Isabella Montgomery, July 16, 1834
Robert Montgomery, May 8, 1837
Margret Motgomery, July 31[,] 1839
Nathaniel Montgomery, May 3[,] 1841

2nd Division

William [Madison] Wall[,] Captn. 2nd Division,1 Waggon, 7 Persons, 8 Cattle

Ute Perkins[,] Captn. 1st ten, 2 Waggons, 11 Persons, 14 Cattle

[Francis] Marion Haws, 1 Waggon, 3 Persons, 7 Cattle

Alva[h] Downey, 1 Waggon, 3 Persons, 6 Cattle

Wm. L[ouis] Perkins, 1 Waggon, 6 Persons, 6 Cattle

Peter Hofines [Hofheintz], 1 Waggon, 5 Persons, 6 Cattle

Charles [Caesar] Cowley, 2 Waggons, 10 Persons, 14 Cattle, 13 Sheep

William Watterson, 1 Waggon, 6 Persons, 8 Cattle, 4 Sheep

John K[nowles]. Crosby, 2 Waggons, 9 Persons, 20 Cattle, 1 Horse, 8 Sheep

Peter Maughan, Capn. 2 10, 2 Waggons, 9 Persons, 15 Cattle

Noah Packard, 1 Waggon, 5 Persons, 6 Cattle

John [Peacock] Wood, 1 Waggon, 7 Persons, 6 Cattle

John Eblie [Ebley], 1 Waggon, 3 Persons, 6 Cattle

Wilson Lunn [Lund], 1 Waggon, 5 Persons, 8 Cattle

Isaac Hunter, 1 Waggon, 3 Persons, 5 Cattle

Orrin [Orin] Packard, 1 Waggon 3 Persons, 4 Cattle

[Total] 20 Waggons, 95 Persons, 139 Cattle, 1 Horse, 25 Sheep

Chester Loveland[,] Captn. 3[rd] 10, 2 Waggons, 9 Persons, 10 Cattle

Wm. White, 1 Waggon, 6 Persons, 9 Cattle

James Downs, 1 Waggon, 4 Persons, 10 Cattle, 1 Horse

Henry Barney, 2 Waggons 10 Persons, 22 Cattle

Fornatus [Fortunastus] Dustin, 1 Waggon, 4 Persons, 6 Cattle

Cyral [Cyril] Call, 4 Waggons, 4 Persons, 13 Cattle

Linsey [Lindsay Anderson] Brady, 2 Waggons, 9 Persons, 12 Cattle 1 Horse, 15 Sheep

Charles Y[oung] Weeb [Webb], 1 Waggon, 6 Persons, 10 Cattle, 11 Sheep

A[braham]. Coon Captn. of 4th 10, 3 Waggons, 15 Persons, 23 Cattle, 2 Horses, 29 Sheep

Francis Taylor, 2 Waggons, 10 Persons, 12 Cattle, 9 Sheep

Matterson [Madison] Welch, 2 Persons, 2 Cattle

Thomas [Horace] Spafford, 2 Waggons, 11 Persons, 22 Cattle

Spinsor Crandall, 1 Waggon, 3 Persons, 5 Cattle

Daniel Crocks [Cox], 1 Cattle, 5 Persons, 10 Cattle

Gilbert Belnap Captn. 5[th] 10, 1 Waggon, 4 Persons, 4 Cattle

James Knight, 1 Waggon, 2 Persons, 4 Cattle

John [Peck] Chidester, 1 Waggon, 3 Persons, 4 Cattle

John McBride, 1 Waggon, 3 Persons, 6 Cattle

[Total] 24 Waggons, 116 Persons, 184 Cattle, 4 Horses, 64 Sheep

Alfard [Alfred] Brown, 1 Waggon, 9 Persons, 5 Cattle

John Titcomb [Tidcomb], 1 Waggon, 6 Persons, 6 Cattle, 7 Sheep

John Beal, 1 Waggon, 4 Persons, 12 Cattle, 5 Sheep

Henry Beal, 1 Waggon, 4 Persons

Lewis Neaby [Neeley], 3 Waggons, 9 Persons, 12 Cattle, 4 Horses, 19 Sheep


7 Waggons, 32 Persons, 35 Cattle, 4 Horses, 31 Sheep

24 Waggons, 110 Persons, 184 Cattle, 4 Horses, 64 Sheep

20 Waggons, 95 Persons, 139 Cattle, 1 Horse, 25 Sheep

[Total] 51 Waggons, 237 People, 358 Cattle, 9 Horses, 120 Sheep



June 17th Started from Camping ground near the ferry w[h]ere our (camp) got together[.] as they Crossed Br. [John] Roylance w(h)eels broke which caused us to stop—about 3 miles first day

18th travelled about 16 miles. 1 Birth in Camp—Vs. we catched a young Coon. a boy was run over by a waggon but not seriou[s]ly injured. a delay having a Slough to cross w[h]ere many had to double teams.

* Abraham Coon’s wife [Mary Elizabeth Wilson Coon] gave birth to a boy baby [Isaac Coon].

19th travelled 6 miles. On Starting one rocky stream to cross were we were detained till after noon. this morning we had a severe Storm of wind rain & which almost blasted our hopes of starting, along in the afternoon we came to another bad stream to cross[.] we, the 1st division crossed and camped on the ground were we found there had been 5 or 6 of our folks had died 4 days previous. this evening at prayer only a part of our Camp were present when a vote was taken that we disaprove of the abscence of our Brethren from prayers[.] Some suitable remarks were made on the ocassion

20th we traveled 10 miles. had 2 delays in crossing Creeks,— met a number of Gold diggers returning home,—Saw 2 graves of our people, Several cases of Cholera in camp to night, the case of Alfred Brown serious,[.] one waggon tongue broke & replaced

21st Started and travelled 16 miles. Before leaving (we) buried Br. Brown (of) 2d Division. 2 Boys died in 2 divn. this day, They are Camped on the east side of Salt Creek, we on the west side. 1 girl had her leg broke in 2 divin.,

22nd 2 more of Br. [Horace] Spafford chi(l)dren dead (making 3 in one day.) in 2nd division. We Started and travelled 17 miles,—encountred a Storm of wind & rain which spared us in a great measure but was severe before and behind us, delayed over one hour.

23d travelled 4 miles being Sabbath. Very wet weather

24th Still wet. our 2 division near us, several more deaths in 2nd division. Captain [Warren] Foot[e] called a meeting for prayer of the whole company, also, a council of all the captains. there was a good spirit manifested by all the Captains; but it seems a good deal of murmuring in the 2nd division. We have had a good time to day in our meeting & councel, and hope the sickness will now be stayed.

25th travelled 15 miles.—met a severe storm in the afternoon, another in the evening, making every thing wet in camp pretty much. 1 waggon tongue broke, the 2 division is along with us,—1 more death in it.

26 another death in 2nd Divin. this (morning). Showery till afternoon—travelled 15 miles. 2nd divn about 5 miles behind. Our Camp, as usual, general good health.

27th travilled about 15 miles.—Met Br. Clawson from the Valley[.] Soon as we got on the platt[e] bottom and was happy to hear from the Valley.—wrote an account of our travels and sent to Prest. Hyde. Our Camp in good health

28th a Severe Storm of rain & thunder in the night,—travelled 12 miles. a very bad road, low wet bottom, or else sand bank, not much water for Cattle, and a very hot Sun, and we had to keep the waggons moving or they would sink to the axle’s. Some complaining of sickness from the exposure to wet by day & night. a part of our camp not able to come to the camping ground to night[.] The 3 and 5 ten absent the absenters came up late and for the first time we Saw the power of death in our Camp. 1 Boy [William George Dart] had fallen in a few hours and this morning (29th) a girl [Harriet Paulina Dart] both the children of John Dart,—the family dont belong to the Church. this day we trave[led] 3 Miles and camped on the platt[e] were our folks washed & one young man nearly drowned trying to cross to get wood. In the evening we had the pleasure of a visit from Brs. Robert Campbell & Crosby with the Vally mail,—this night another Severe storm of thunder, wind & rain. I have Just Babtised John Dart into the Church[.] his Wife is so weak as not to be able to be babtised, but is willing with this exception. Our camp is in good health.

30th this day we travd. 15 miles and camped 1 mile west of the Pawnee Village. Our camp in reasonable health. the 2nd division not come up. we touched the platt[e] at noon.

July 1st travelled 15 miles to the point of the bluff,—fine cool day, a little showery, this evening I Babtised Franklin Cunningham[.] Our camp all well.

2nd traveled 16 miles,—a pleasant day. 1 child died in Camp named [Adelia] Hart, this day I observed on our way the graves of Br. Sargant & son.

3d this morning we had to bury Br. [John] Snallham who was taken the evening before. this day we travd. 12 miles,—had a hard time crossing the Willow Slough but got all over,—One waggon tongue broke. our 2nd division (is) in sight to night. we have not been together in one week, nor learned any thing of them only by the help of our telescope we see them in the distance.

4th We were reminded of the day of the month by the report of cannon from fort Kearney. we trav'd 16 miles to day,—2 cases of Cholera in Camp.

5th 1 man died in the night, (a gold digger by the name of King, from Ill.) we travd. 14 miles, and are close by Fort Kearny to night,— plenty Antelope around, hot weather, hard on cattle. this mor[n]ing we had a Visit from Captn. [William Madison] Wall & others of our 2nd division[.] they report well of their travel for the last 8 days, their deaths 3 since we heard from them before, they feel about right, to night[.] they are 5 miles behind us camped for the night.

6th 1 woman died in the night (a) Mrs. [Lucy Ann Roberts] Dart. She requested babtism yesterday and some one attended to it as we came along the road. She has been very low (for) some days back, We passed fort Kearny this day, 10 o’clock, travd 12 miles. Our Camp generally well. this evening a Mrs Hart very low.

7th this morning we had to bury Mrs. Hart. This being Sabbath we would fain have rested, but we had no wood nor water, so we traveled 13 miles, and have no wood nor water (to night)[.] have drove our Cattle to the river over a mile and carry a little water to cook, and our fuel for the first time is Buffalo Chips. 3 new cases of Cholera (or dioreha) [diarrhea] this morning. The 2nd ten has not arrived yet,—as the ten wished to tarry behind this morning some time to attend to the sick.

8th our 2nd ten had not arrived yet. this day we trav'd 12 miles. Our camp all in good health. We catched a run away horse to day,—he was soon claimed by 2 men who came from Captn. Bennets 50 of Captn. Pace 100, they reported their Camp 15 miles on west,—all in good health except 1 woman.,—they were Buffalo hunti(n)g—had wounded 2, but got none.

9th we are camping on plumb creek for the purpose of washing &c,—Our 2nd division has passed on, all in moderate health. no serious case in their Camp, Captn. [Peter] Maughan’s ten of their division fell behind some days, but have come up and camped by us to night. This Captn. was very dissatisfied at the slow movement, as he called it, of our Camp but some of his cattle has given out, and he cant keep up. So much for go a head folks. Our (2nd) ten has just come up. they have saved Father [Andrew] Rose from an attack of the Cholera. he appeared as he will recover. Sister [Ann Clark] Proctor is very bad.

10th This Morning we had to bury this Sister. we travelled 12 miles to day,—had to stop early to let those who had had death & sickness wash up while we could get fire wood. Captn. Foot[e] is rather these some days.

11th We had a severe storm of rain & wind last night, but the Lord preserved us all from danger, trav'd 16 miles to day. Camp in good health. 1 violent attack of Cholera this morning, but means promptly used, with the blessing of God it was an instant cure[.] the medicine used was 2 doses of pain kill(er) in15 minutes. Many of our Cattle are afflicted with sore feet & sore necks, on account of wet weather,—this day we passed 25 graves mostly all Californians (only) 3 or 4 were out of our Camp’s.

12th this day we travelled 15 miles. About noon we came up to Captn. [Peter] Maughan’s ten. they had stopped a few minutes before we came up, in consequence of the Captn’s Son [Peter Weston Maughan] about 4 years old being run over by his waggon. he died an hour after the accident. this day we saw the first Buffalo. some of our Boys went after him, and finally vented their vengeance on a stray ram, which they brought into camp[.] he eat pretty well instead of Buffalo meat, our camp all in good health this evening.—looked the most threatning I ever saw for a dreadfull storm. it was expected but there was prayers & faith exercised by some and the Lord regarded us and saved us for which I Praise his name for it looked awfull all over the heavens, this day we passed 15 graves[.] they were mostly Californians[.] the first deaths seemed to be 3rd June to the 10th[.] some reached to the 17th.

13th we travelled 8 miles and stopped to bake and wash, for we will not have a chance, (in) a long distance again[.] Our Boys are getting some Venison.

14th Sabbath morning. we took a walk, some of us, to the road, crosing Ash Creek, and met with Br. S[hadrach]. Roundy & company, in the afternoon when our folks had got along with their cleaning up we went to the river were I Babtised, and rebabtised, some 30 or 40 of our camp. In the evening we had a good meeting, several of our Brethren spoke well, a good spirit prevailed, and we parted rejoicing. several of our Boys brought in their Back loads of Buffalo meat, the first we have got.—this night like every other night for some time back the heavens gathered blackness most threatening but as on other evenings before it could reach us it was scattered for which I feel to thank the Lord for over ruling the elements for our comfort.

15th this day we trav’d 19 miles. In the afternoon we Saw our Second division. We also saw 3 Buffalo near us, some of our Boys went out and killed some. Our camp all in good health except Father Rose who seemes to be failing after his attack of Cholera. this evening we came to gether, and as many were out of meat, we thought best to stay over the next day and get a supply of meat.

16th our Boys out hunting. in the middle of the day we were visited by Elder O. Hyde and escort.— they seemed in good Spirits. After refreshing themselves and horses they pushed on west,

17th we had to bury Father Rose this morning. we travelled 14 miles to day, passing through large herds of Buffalo. we are pretty well supplied with meat. Our Camps in good health.

18th we travelled 16 miles to day. our camp in good health,a—feed very scanty. we have passed a great many graves in the last few days mostly buried from the 5th to 15th June and mostly from Mo. [Missouri] and scarcely a grave but has been robbed of its contents by the wolves.

19th we have travelled 15 mile to day. our camp in good health. We are near the Crossing (of the Platte).

20th to day we travelled 9 miles, then crossed the South fork of the Platt[e]. We got all over safe, and found our 2nd division on the Bank. they crossed yesterday.

21st being Sabbath, we are resting. Our Camp in good health,— feed is poor.

22nd We trave[le]d 20 miles to day and go to the platt[e] (North fork).

23 we are stopping to day to repair waggons &c at ash Hollow.

24th we trav’d 13 miles to day,—Very Sandy road. our Camp in good health. feed very poor. our cattle look rather worse of wear.

25th we trav’d 12 miles to day.—Very Sandy—all in good health except Sister Lish.

26th we travelled 16 miles to day. nothing to be seen but Sand & dust,—no feed.

27th we started this morning at day break to find Some feed, as they got none last night. we soon found some, but coming on a rain storm we were detained some hours, we travelled 13 miles this day.—

28th to day we travelled 20 miles and camped opposite Chimney Rock. All well in our camp. last night I had a fine cow die in a short time, supposed to be poisioned from drinking bad water.

29th To day we trav’d 13 miles,— was overtaken by Livingston & Kincaid. Camp all well,—feed poor

30th trav’d 20 miles, passed Scotts bluff. all well,—had to appoint Br. [Robert Williams] Bidwell Captn. over the 3 ten, owing to the refractory course taken by Captn. Silas G Simmons.

31st this morning Simmons left the camp alone and went on some hours before the camp started. this day we travd 15 miles. In the evening Br. [Chester] Loveland with his 3 ten of the 2nd division came up, and camped with us. they had laid up 2½ days in consequence of Sister Loveland being very sick. The feed is poor,—our health is all good, any case of sicknes in our Camp for Some time back is imeadately checked, but the laying on of hands & prayer.

Augt 1st we travd 12 miles to day. had to stop for an exeltree broke. A number of the Sioux Indians about us,—they appear quiet[.] the small pox is among them, we hope the Lord will preserve us from that plague.

2nd this day we trav’d 20 miles, and camped on the river 2 miles from Fort Larimie[.] all well—no feed.

3d. trav’d 11 miles. this day we came up to our 2nd division. We was over hauled by Major Sanderson in search of 2 deserters, who he said he was informed was along with us in disguise, he ordered our camp to halt till we would give up the men and those who had given them Clothes, We halted and he and his escort rode through our Camp and finding we had none of his men he allowed us to proceed, he was positive in his demand but when he had rode through our Camp he appeared to be softened in his detemination[.] spoke kindly, and told us to go on

4th we travd 14 miles and camped on 2nd crossing of bitter Creek.—all well[.] here we found good feed and restin[g]

5th resting our teams and fixing our waggons.—&c [.] last evening the Captn. of the 1st & 2nd divisions held a council and determined to travel the old road over the Black hills.

6th still resting.—this afternoon we were visited by Captn. Lovelands 10 of 2nd Divn. who informed us that the main body of our 2nd Divn. had taken the other road contrary to the decision of the whole in councel. Our cattle feel well now.—2 days rest and good feed has done them good. our camp all in good health.

7th we started this morning from ½ mile east of the Bend in the road near Dry (Dead) timber creek and as the first ten reached near the deep ravine a stampede took place in the 5th 10—as they were coming into line on the road. The teams that were running were providentialy stopped, or who can tell the awfull scene that would have taken place in that deep ravine, for every waggon would have been found in the bottom of it. Poor Br. [William] Clements lost his life in endeavoring to stop the waggons. Wm. McDonald at the risk of his life, and his horse’s rode in before the teams and stopped them before they got far enough to scare the front teams[.] Br. Clements was knocked down by the Oxen, trode on his body and a heavy waggon passed over his bowels. he lived till towards evening.

8th we travelled till Horse creek 15 miles. all well this evening.—poor feed.

9th lost several head of our cattle.

10th cattle not found.

11th cattle not found. We started, and late in the evening got to Labont [La Bonte]. 16½ miles.

12th Had to start this morning to get some feed for our Cattle for they had none last night. Came on 2 miles on the Labont river,—found poor feed,—had to stop all day.

13th came to A. LaPrele river (18 miles.) had to drive our Cattle about 3 miles down the river to get feed.

14th came to Fourche Boise river 10 miles, drove 2 miles up the river to get feed. Our Camp all in good health, a number of our cattle lame.

15th we came 14 miles and camped on the platt[e] bottom. All well,—poor feed.

16th we came 14 miles[.] found poor feed, but plenty company. Captn. Bennets 50 close by.—our 2nd division 2 miles back

17th we came 9 miles to day. on our way we met 2 pilots from the Valley[.] Br. Stratton &c. the news we got from them by the Letter was cheering, as also the remarks & council from Br. Stratton. we felt to rejoice at Seeing our Brethren, and hearing from the Valley. we are close at the ford of the North Fork (Platt[e])[.] poor feed for our Cattle.

18th this day we forded the river in a heavy rain storm,—river rising fast[.] the water up to eve[ry] box. Pace’s 100—& our 100 all crossed this day. all over safe.

19th still in camp 1 mile from the ford in a heavy cold rain storm, our cattle suffering with cold & hunger

20th we travelled 10 miles to day over the worst road we have met in our journey,—it has been a heavy rain for nearly 40 hours[.] several of our Cattle gave out to day,—to night in good feed on a creek near the platt[e]. Our 2nd division close by in Camp, this day we saw the Sweet Water mountains caped with snow.

21st this day we traveled 9 miles and camped up a hollow west of the Alkali Springs. Our cattle eat to much of the grass having had little chance so long for such fine feed and most of them was sick all night. 1 cow (Captain Footes) died on the ground. Several gallons of lard was used for them for fear they had been poisoned by the water.

22nd many of our Cattle very feeble this morning, but we have got them as far as willow Springs 12 O’clock. Br. George Madson [Madsen] is along with us and gave timely caution of the danger of the Cattle hurting themselves but like many cautions given to us as a people we are slow to see the results of delays in obeying orders. having travelled 11 miles we camped. our cattle get no feed to night, but they generally feel better.

23rd Started at 5 o’clock[.] came on to grease Creek were we bated and took breakfast. we found our 2nd division Starting as we came up. We drove on to Sweet water 10 miles.

24th our company resting,—Some gone to hunt, others Blacksmithing, and repr. [repair]—waggons.

25th Sabbath,—our hunters not returned,—our cattle are enjoying themselves with plenty good grass & water

26th & 27th this even’g 3 of our waggons returned from the hunt,—got no meat. our 4th waggon not returned.

27th Still waiting for our 4th waggon. our Cattle doing well. our camp all in good health. yesterday we killed one Buffalo near the Camp but they seem as herds to have left this part of the country.

28th our 4th Waggon came in, in the night bringing with them 3 buffalo they had killed. we got started at 11 o’clock and came on 10 miles to the Devils gate. all well.

29th this day we travelled 12 miles and camped on the river bank. Our camp all well.

30th this day we travelled 11 miles. in the even’g a meeting of the division was called, as there seemed to be some disaffected in our 4th & 5th tens[.] 5th Captn. [John] McDonald laid his views before the meeting declaring that he had made up his mind and it must be so, or else—4th Captn. Lish was of the same mind, provided the Captn’s should (see) fit to grant it. Several of their men spoke positively of their having their proposal granted, among them Wm. Lish who was insolent, but that is common with him and the Captn. & company have borne with his disorderly conduct[.] they wanted the (several) tens to have the liberty of travelling first in turn day about. the 1st 2nd & 3d captns. viewed the order of the camp good, and we had been prospered so far—and also saw that to change was going to cause trouble in their 10’s where there had been peace and union all the way previous. so of two evils they choose not to let the 4th & 5th tens over rule them, because there was some trouble among them, and their Captns. frequently. The Captn of the Company and the Captn. of the 50 was of the same mind with the 1st 2nd & 3d so they lost motion and many of them left the meeting abruptly & noisey

31st this morning our camp was reduced some in numers by the result of our Captns. dicision last night. Before and during the time of prayer the undersigned members of our Camp drove off firing their guns as they went

4th 10th absentees
William S. Lish
Ira Caselman
John Hamilton
John Mayer
Jane Rigby

5th 10 Captn. John McDonald

we expect to feell or enjoy more peace in our camp since some of those who left were troublesome neighbors, we travelled 12 (miles) to day. all well in our Camp, our cattle doing well as feed is a deal better.

Septr 1st Sabbath. In the afternoon we travelled 4 miles to the river,—all well.

2nd we traveled 19 miles to the river,—all well.

3d we travelled 10 miles to day, all well except SisterBlodgeitt [Elizabeth Ann Garnet Reid Blodgett], who has been confined she had a fine Boy [Greenleaf Blodgett]—doing well.

4th this moring we started from the river and took a new road made as the finger board informed us by a Captn. Andrus, it is a new road and a rough one, but we save going over the rocky ridges. We travelled 11 miles and found this a round about rough road throughout.

5th this day we travelled 10 miles and came to the upper crossing of the river. Our Cattle are failing fast many of them.

6th this day we travelled 14 miles and camped on Pasific [Pacific] Creek. Last evening we had a thunder storm. We came through the South Pass at noon to day. very pleasant and warm. we find a number of dead cattle to day.

7th we travd 12 miles to day and found good feed and water. Wm. Cragan [Simeon Cragun] was about to be confined and several of our company are behind in consequense, our pilot lost his horse last night, he with some others were in search all day[.] found him and got into camp at dusk.

8th our waggons have not come up, so we are resting.

9th our waggons came up last night, so this day we travld. 22 miles before we could find water. we came to Big Sandy about 9 o’clock in the night.

10th this day we travelled 15 miles and camped on Green river (Big Sandy.)

11th this day we travd 18 miles and camped on green river.

12th we travelled 15 miles—was visited by Br. Stratton on his return to the Valley.

13th we travelled 16 miles to day

14th we travelled 19 miles to day and camped on Blacks fork.

15th we trav’d 9 miles and camped on a bend of a creek—good feed.

16th we trav’d 19 miles and camped on a small creek 2 miles from Muddy creek.

17th We travd 13 miles (past) on the new road, and camped near the top of the dividing ridge near Bear river.

18th we trav’d 8 miles and camped on Bear river

20th traveled to Echo creek (laid over 19th to rest the teams)15 mil)

21st traveled 9 miles, detained for a fine Ox that was not able to travail.

22nd travailed 13 miles to Weber river.

23d travailed 11 miles to Kanyon [Canyon] creek.

24th we traveled 11½ miles to near the top of the high mountain, where we had to chain up our worn out cattle without feed.

25th we trav’d 8¼ miles to the last creek, foot of the last mountain.

26th we this day travelled 10 miles and arrived at our long wished for homes, the City of the Great Salt Lake, making in all 101 days since we started from the Missouri river opposite Bethlehem

See Last leaf in this Book.

[This is text on last leaf of book.] On the the 5th July we passed a grave dug up by the wolves[.] the Body tore to peices with the wolves[.] the name of the person S. Phelps,

on the the 7th we passed another in a similiar situation[.] the name of the person Martin G. or B. Clay from Vermont. The bodies in these graves did not seem to be buried over a foot below the Surface

8th we passed the grave of Dr. Caples from Savannah[.] the grave badly tore up[.] this man is a son in law of Mr. Abbott who was from the same place last year and was babtised in the Valley on his way to the Gold diggins. Nb I have since learned that it was a brother of Abbott son in law.

Extracts from Captain Warren Foote’s Private Journal. 1850.

As there are quite a number of leaves left blank in this book I will make some extracts from my private Journal in order to show my situation in the Spring of 1850, and the dealings of the Lord with me, in causing me to seriously consider the advisability of going to Salt Lake Valley this year.

My nephew, Franklin Allen, and myself had purchased the little Gristmill at Kanesville of Jacob Myers, our fatherinlaw, and was running it ourselves. There was a heavy emigration of California Gold Diggers, (as they were called) and grain was scarce and very dear. Corn $2.00 per bus[hel]. Wheat $2.25. We made considerable money and made some payments on the mill. About the first of May I took a severe cold, and was not able to do anything. I hired a brother, who had just come to Kanesville from Scotland, (a miller by occupation;) to run the mill my half of the time. His name is David Adamson.

My health being so poor, I began to reflect upon my situation and about going to the Valley of Salt Lake. I felt that my health would never be much better here in this changeable climate. One day, being greatly impressed by the Spirit, I repaired to the top of the bluff north of the mill, not far from the burying ground, and there earnestly poured forth my soul in prayer to the Lord, asking Him to make known His will to me,— What He would have me to do; and if it was his will that I should move to the Valley this season to open up the way, that I might sell my share of the Mill, and obtain a fitout for that purpose. While I was thus engaged in prayer, the Spirit of God rested upon me, and impressed me by a still small voice which thrilled my whole body, saying, “The way shall be opened before you, and notwithstanding your ill health, inasmuch as you put your Trust in me, I will preserve your life, and not one of your family shall fall by the the way, but I will bring you safely to the Valley of Salt Lake.” This filled my soul with joy, and I returned to my house with a full determination to set about preparing to go.

While the California Emigrants were passing through, I had a light wagon at Bro. Obanion’s shop, for which he was making a box. One of the emigrants seeing it, wanted to trade a heavier one for it. I told bro. Obanion to trade with him, I gave a little chop feed to boot, and thus got a good strong new wagon,—strong enough to haul 4000 lbs to the Valley. This was before I had any idea of going to Salt Lake this year. But I am satisfied that the Lord was then preparing the way for me. About the last of May I sold my half of the Mill back to father Myers, and obtained a comfortable outfit.

Two weeks from the time I sold out I was ready to start with one wagon two yoke of oxen, and three cows. Two of the cows I worked between the oxen. George Kent, whose brother is in the Valley is going to drive my team for the privilege of going with me, and board. I will say here that brother Otis L[ysander]. Terry, who had been following blacksmithing in Kanesville, and with whom I had become intimately acquainted, was preparing to go to the Valley this season. We agreed to go together in the same Company.

On the 10th of June We started from Kanesville in Company with brother Terry’s father, and his brother Charles A[lphonzo]. Terry. The Saints are crossing the Missouri river 18 miles below Kanesville this year, and going up the south side of the Platte river[.] We drove down to Musquito [Mosquito] Creek bridge and camped.

12th We moved on down to within a mile and an half of the Ferry and unhitched our teams just in time to attend the meeting for organizing the Company. Elder Hyde soon arrived and proceeded to organize the hundred. There was quite a congregation present but many who were going had not yet arrived.

Brother Hyde arose, and after looking over the congregation, said, “I nominate bro Warren Foote for captain of hundred. This was so unexpected to me, I must confess that I was completely dumfounded. It was voted unanimously. Then brother Hyde nominated Otis L. Terry Captain of first fifty. Voted unanimously. He was as much taken by surprise as I was. Elder Hyde then asked for some one to nominate a Captain of the second fifty, and some one nominated William [Madison] Wall. It was voted unanimously. Elder Hyde then said that the Captain of the hundred and the Captains of fifties would organize the fifties into tens. This we accomplished during the afternoon.

As has been stated, brother Otis L. Terry and I had agreed to travel together across the plains, but little did we think then that we would be associated together as leaders of the Company.

Elder Hyde asked if the brethren were generally supplied with firearms. Upon inquiry we found that there were several families who had none. He said there were muskets belonging to the Nauvoo Legion, stored at Kanesville and that we could have them on conditions that we would deliver them to the Authorities of the Church in Salt Lake City. It was decided that I should return to Kanesville and get the Muskets. Accordingly I returned on horseback and selected 15 that were in shooting order, and got a man who was going down to the ferry to take them along. I returned to camp the next day, (June 16th.)

The second fifty commenced crossing on the 13th.

I had my family ferried over the 14th and camped with the second fifty a short distance from the river.

On the 16th the first fifty were all ferried over, and all, camped by a creek three miles from the Ferry. As brother Terry (and I) had agreed to travel together I concluded to travel with the first Fifty and was decided that my wagon should take the lead or head of the Company which place I occupied throughout the journey.

I have written the foregoing as a kind of preliminary to bro [Samuel] Mulliner’s Journal. The succeeding pages contains my Review of the Journey.

A Review of the Journey to Salt Lake.

I will briefly review our Journey. As I have previously stated, my health my health was not very good before I left Kanesville.

After starting from the Missouri river I made it a practice towards camping time, to get on a horse and ride ahead of the company and select a camping place. After we had been traveling about a week as I was about five miles ahead of the company looking for a camping place there came up a thunder shower, and I was completely drenched. I took a terrible cold which settled on my lungs which caused the illness spoken of in the Journal. I was not so but what I could get around a little, but my lungs were so weak, that I could scarcely speak above a whisper. When we were along about Plum Creek, the atmosphere was so close and heavy, that it seemed to me that I would have to give up breathing altogather.

I remembered the promises of the Lord that were made to me before I sold my share of the mill; and humbly asked the Lord to fullfil the same. I was impressed to be baptized for my health, and requested brother Mulliner to perform the ordinance; which he did, and was then administered to by the brethren. After this I began to recover slowly. When we arrived at Scott’s Bluffs I was able to walk short distances. From this place onward the atmosphere became lighter and dryer, and my health improved very fast; and I was able to again take a more active part in the management of Company.

It was a very serious time while the Cholera was raging in the company, but after it abated, we enjoyed our travels, and as a general thing a good spirit. In place’s where feed was very scarce, there was some who murmured about our camping where there was so little grass, but the next morning as we traveled along they would acknowledge that our camping place was as good or better than it was a “Little ahead.” They would say on camping, that there was a better place a “little ahead.”

Although there was some murmuring occasionly, yet I think that we crossed the Plains with as little difficulty as any Company that has crossed them. I am certain that a Journey through a desert country of a thousand miles with five hundred souls will try the patience of any man, or set of men who are appointed to preside over them as leaders; especially so, when the company consists of different Nationalities, having different customs, and some without experience in driving ox teams and taking care of them.

I am thankful to be able to say that, the Lord blessed me with patience to such a degree, that one Captain of ten said in one of our council meetings that I was certainly one of the most patient men that he ever saw. I do not think that he said this as a compliment to me, but it was because I would not agree to a tyranical proposition that he was proposing. I was determined that every person in the Company should have their rights respected, And I am pleased to say that Captain O. L. Terry stood firmly by me, in fact we were one in all our councils.

Bro. Mulliner has omitted to state that at the foot of the last mountain, where we camped for the (last) time before we entered the Valley, the first fifty were called together for the purpose of settling all difficulties, if any existed, and ask each other’s forgiveness; So that we could enter the Valley free from any hard feelings towards any of our brothers or sisters. A good spirit prevailed, and all expressed a desire to forgive and be forgiven.

The second Fifty arrived in the Valley a few days before the first Fifty. When we stopped to rest a few days, and hunt, a little east of the Devils Gate, the second fifty was Camped about a mile ahead. Captain Wall came to see me, and get some instructions. I told him that they had better push on to the Valley as fast as their teams were able to travel, and not wait for the first Fifty, as it was getting pretty well along in the season. I also charged him in particular to take the Muskets, (10 in number) belonging to the Nauvoo Legion, that were in his fifty and deliver them to the Authorities in Salt Lake and take their receipts for them. This he never done[.] He did not even go to Salt Lake City, but as soon as he got into the Valley he took a road running South and went direct to Provo. As the second fifty were all dispersed before we got to Salt Lake City, I never recovered them. I got those that were in the first fifty and delivered them to the President’s Clerk and took his receipt. I spoke to him about those that were in the second fifty. He said that they were all in the valley anyway, and he seemed to think that it did not make much difference whether they were delivered or not. In fact they were not of much use to any one.

The first Fifty passed through Salt Lake City in the afternoon of the 26th of Sept and camped on the Jordan bottom west of the City. Many of the brethren were anxious to get some counsel, where they had better locate.

On the morning of the 27th Captain Terry and I went up into the City and found Elder Hide [Hyde] at Bro. H. C. Kimballs residence, and reported our arrival, and told him that some of the brethren wanted to know where would be the best place to locate. He said that they had been up north looking for locations for the Saints to settle, and among other places he mentioned Ogden, and said that place would suit him best. On our return to Camp we reported what bro. Hyde said to us, and many of the brethren resolved to go north. Some located in Salt Lake City, and a few went south to Little Cottonwood.

Warren Foote,
Captain of One Hundred


This following is a personal history of Ole Lasson Jr. as compiled and researched by Robert Eugene Lasson (2nd Great-grandson of Ole Lasson Jr.).  The information was collected from various sources that are sited with each entry of a source in the following narrative. 

[New bloggers, if you would like to copy anything from this blog, just block the piece you want or right click on a picture, then click " copy" or "save as", then paste it into your Word or other file--CarolL]

Journal Histories of Immigrating Saints in the John G. Holman Ox Team Company:

Mormon Pioneer Overland 1868 John G. Holman Company

Departure: 1 September 1868 

Arrival in Salt Lake Valley: 25 September 1868

Company Information:
About 650 individuals and 62 wagons were in the company when it began its journey from the outfitting post at Benton, Wyoming.

Narrative: John G. Holman Company (1868)

Holman's ox train of 62 wagons left the rail terminus at Benton, Wyoming, on September 1 with 628 emigrants. Benton was located 11 miles east of present-day Rawlins, Wyoming. This end-of-track town was in existence for only three months, but during its brief history more than 100 people were reported to have died there in gunfights. The company was delayed in Benton when a woman in their company was arrested on a trumped-up charge and they had to wait for her trial. U.S. soldiers had to protect the company when an enraged mob from the railroad town marched on the wagon company. The mob had been angered by false rumors to the effect that the Mormons were intent on taking a woman to Utah against her will.

Most of those who traveled to Utah in Holman's company crossed the Atlantic aboard the ship Emerald Isle. Many in this company were Danes and Swedes who suffered much sickness while crossing the ocean and after landing in New York. Also traveling with the company were 8 independent wagons with about 40 passengers. After getting off the train and being loaded into the Church wagons, this company traveled in a northwesterly direction from Benton through Whiskey Gap and northward from there until they reached the Sweetwater River and the old emigrant road on September 8. As did many other companies in the 1860s, after coming through Echo Canyon they traveled to Silver Creek and then down Parley's Canyon into the valley. They arrived in Salt Lake on September 25. Twenty-two people died between Benton and Salt Lake.


Source of Trail Excerpt:  "Last Train In," Deseret Evening News, 25 Sept. 1868, 3.

LAST TRAIN IN.— This morning Captain J. G. Holman's ox-train of 62 wagons got in, bringing a little over 600 passengers. He had with his train the immigrants that crossed the Atlantic in the Emerald Isle, a number of whom had to go into hospital on reaching New York, and among whom there had been much sickness on the sea voyage. Several were sick when they left the cars at Benton, but the mortality on the trip from that point was not high, considering these circumstances. The passengers are nearly all in excellent health now. Accompanying his train were also six independent wagons, and some 50 persons not included in the 600 immigrants. He left Benton with his train on September 1st, and, consequently, made the trip in about twenty-four days, although there were several detentions on the way. This is the last immigrant train of the season.

Crossing the Atlantic and Onward

I sailed on the ship Emerald Isle from Liverpool, England May 1868 for New York City. I came on the railroad to somewhere about Laramie City, Wyoming or there-abouts -- I came the rest of the way by ox teams to Sa1t Lake City, Utah, which is about 400 miles.

This was the year teamsters were drowned in the Green River ; one was from Fairview, Utah. There were no railroads in Utah at that time and no telephones. I walked all the way from the end of the railroad. Father was sick the entire trip. Mother and I had to take care of him. He died out on the border line of Wyoming and Utah, somewhere near what was called Devil’s Gate. It was about half a days drive to the first settlement in Utah. I arrived there on September 19, 1868. I believe the town was called Eden.

I was about nine weeks on the ocean. About one hundred persons died on the trip. I arrived in Salt Lake City, September 21, 1868. I went to work for a farmer for $10.00 per month. I worked about two years for those wages. I saved most of the money and bought cattle for it. I started cattle raising on a small scale and that was the beginning of the Clinton Ranch.   

By Ole Lasson Jr.

The Emerald Isle passenger list showed my ancestors names as:

LARSON, Ola (born 1804), Lissa  (1811), Ola  (1855),  Morten ? (1848), Lissa (1849), Pernilla (1861), and Nils (1862).

Ship register

Larson, Ola, born 1804

Lissa, 1811

Ola, 1855

Correct Info.

Lasson, Ole, born 1803

Sissa, 1821

Ole, 1854


Morten, 1848

Lissa, 1849

Pernilla, 1861

Nils, 1862

?likely, Morten Larsen, not related

Sissa, 1849

Pernilla (Nellie), 1858

Nils, 1860

History of the Emerald Isle Sailing Ship

Ship: 1736 tons: 215' x 42' x 21'
Built: 1853 by Trufant & Drummond at Bath, Maine

A famous clipper packet, the full-rigged Emerald Isle carried a total of 1280 Mormons in three voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Described by her owners, Tapscott's Line, as a half clipper in model and a packet clipper in rig, the Emerald Isle hailed out of New York and was the largest vessel built at Bath, Maine, until the 1860s. She was somewhat full bodied, sharp, and heavily sparred. She was a three-decker but also had a forecastle deck with two large houses for a galley, storerooms, and crew's quarters and a small cabin abaft the main hatch. The first lower deck contained a steerage cabin with a double tier of staterooms on each side running forward to the main hatch. Each of these staterooms had eight berths. This graceful ship had a figurehead of a dog in the act of leaping. Her stern was half round with a carved molding which had the Harp of Erin in the center, an American Eagle on the right, and a dog on the left. Underneath were written the mottoes on the Irish and American coat of arms-Erin-go-Bragh and E Pluribus Unum. The Emerald Isle was among the first vessels to have standing rigging of wire. In 1885 she was sailing under the Dutch flag and renamed Berendina Oriria out of Batavia.


The first passage began on 30 November 1855 at Liverpool with 350 Saints on board. Elder Philemon C. Merrill and his counselors, Elders Joseph France and Thomas B. H. Stenhouse, presided over the emigrant company. Captain George B. Cornish, a veteran mariner, commanded the vessel. In 1848 he was listed as master of the 895-ton ship Sheridan. The crossing was marked by some damage caused by high winds and heavy seas, the deaths of two children, and three marriages. After a relatively fast crossing of twenty-nine days the ship arrived on 29 December at New York harbor.

Almost four years later, on 20 August 1859, the Emerald Isle again skippered by Captain Cornish sailed out of Liverpool with fifty-four Saints aboard-fifty from Switzerland and Italy and four from England. Elder Henry Hug was in charge of the company. After a forty-two-day passage, of which there are no details, the vessel arrived on 1 October at New York.

                  This same ship began her third voyage with Mormon emigrants on 20 June 1868 at Liverpool. There were 876 Saints in the company, of which 627 were from Scandinavia and the rest from the British Isles. Elder Hans Jensen Hals presided over the company. His counselors were Elders James Smith and John Fagerberg. On this crossing the ship was commanded by a Captain Gillespie. After six days the square-rigger put into Queenstown harbor to take on fresh water, since the equipment to distill sea water for culinary use had broken down. On 29 June the voyage resumed, but life on shipboard became increasingly unpleasant. The officers and crew treated the Saints harshly, and Elder Hals protested to the captain and reminded him of the contractual and legal rights of the passengers. On one occasion a mate attacked a Sister Saunders, and a "Brother Jensen" pulled the mate away and chastised him. Soon a group of sailors threatened violence but were subdued after the master reprimanded the offender. According to the Church Emigration record, no other emigrating company was known to have received such bad treatment. "Fortunately this is the last company of Scandinavian Saints which crossed the Atlantic Ocean in a sailing vessel." However, it was not just the treatment from the ship's officers and crew that created unpleasantness, but the water became stagnant and unfit for use, causing much sickness among the emigrants. No less than thirty-seven deaths occurred. Although many children died of measles, it was felt that the drinking water contributed to the high death rate. During the three days of quarantine in the New York harbor thirty-eight sick emigrants were taken ashore. On 14 August, after a fifty-five-day passage, the Saints landed at Castle Garden.


Journal Histories of Immigrating Saints Aboard the "Emerald Isle"


            The following named returning missionaries were in the company: -- Elders Hans Jensen Hals, John Fagerberg, and Peter Hansen, from the Scandinavian Mission; and James Smith and Henry Barlow, from the British Mission; also Samuel Southwick, James Stuart, Andrew Simmons, and Elisha Peck, native elders, who have been travelling in the ministry.  Elder Hans Jensen Hals was appointed president of the company, and Elders James Smith and John Fagergerg his counselors.  Previous to sailing, a meeting was held on deck, when the Saints were addressed by Elder Carl Widerborg in Danish, and Elder Charles W. Penrose in English.  Everyone was in good spirits, and was thankful to the God of Israel for deliverance from Babylon. . . . "



". . . About 630 emigrants left Copenhagen by the steamer 'Hansia,' June 13, 1868.  On the departure the brethren had considerable trouble with the police authorities in Copenhagen.  After a successful voyage across the North Sea, the company arrived in Hull, England, on Tuesday, June 16th, and in the evening of the same day they went by train to Liverpool.  Here they found accommodations in seven different hotels, where they, with the exception of one place, received anything but decent treatment; and when they on the 19th went on board the ship 'Emerald Isle,' they were insulted in most every imaginable way.  On the 20th the ship sailed from Liverpool, carrying a company of emigrants consisting of 877 souls, of whom 627 were Scandinavians, all in charge of Elders Hans Jensen (Hals) as president with James Smith and John Fagerberg as assistants.  Elder Peter Hansen was appointed commissary for the Scandinavians, and Elder Mons Pedersen, who had labored faithfully for four years in the mission office in Copenhagen, was chosen as secretary.  Eighteen other Scandinavian emigrants sailed this year by other ships, some of them from Hamburg and some from Norway.  .


(journal of Hans Jorgenson):

The 13th of June, 1868, President C. Widerborg came up to [--] and emigrants called to order, whereupon he gave suitable instructions for our journey.  5 o'clock in the afternoon we all went on board the steamer [-] (Captain Beck of Hamburg) and after the Saints from Malmo, Sweden led by John Faferburg, had come on board, we started for England 7 ½  o'clock in the evening in a beautiful weather. On the 16th, 2 ½ o'clock in the afternoon we landed in Hull, England and started off by rail same afternoon and arrived in Liverpool 1 ½ o'clock in the night.  Next day we were all quartered at Hotel Columbia [p.78] owned by David Full, a Jew.

            On the 19th we were all sent on board the packet ship Emerald Isle, Captain Gillespie of New York.  While in Liverpool, I saw the greatest steamer in the world, “The Great Eastern” which laid outside of Liverpool.

            On the 20th of June, 1868, we started our long and weary journey to America, being pulled out by a tug steamer.  Same evening a seaman belonging to the crew fell overboard but was rescued by a good swimmer.  Then a safety boat fell from the ship and all on board was called for help [to] pull it up.  The company of emigrants consisted of 876 souls of which six hundred and twenty seven were from Scandinavia and we had for [our] leader Hans Jensen Hals of Manti, Sanpete County;  John Faferburg of Fort Ephraim; and James Smith from Provo, his counselors.  Henry Barlow also returning elder from Utah. The treatment we had on board said vessel was anything but human.  The captain and crew showed themselves as rough and mean towards us (especially Danish) as they could and the provisions did not by any means come up to the bargain.  The shortest I can say about it is that this treatment was something like the Danish prisoners received in the 1807-1814.  I for my part can [p.81] never think on the deadly Emerald Isle but with the greatest disgust and hatred.

            About daybreak on the 11th of August, 1868, we to our great joy saw the land for which we so long a time had been longing.  Having now been on the deadly ship 7 weeks and 3 days, we all felt to thank God our deliverer that he had spared our lives and permitted us to see the land of which we had so great hopes and anticipations.  We were quarantined 3 days outside of New York and on the 14th we were permitted to put our feet on American soil. 


Saturday, 20--President Franklin D. Richards and Elders William B. Preston and Charles W. Penrose, from the Liverpool office, came on board and a meeting was held, on which occasion the vessel was blessed and dedicated to bring the Saints safely across the mighty deep.  President Richards gave me instructions as the leader of the company, and James Smith was chosen as my first and John Fagerberg as my second counselors.  Elders Peter Hansen of Hyrum, and a Brother Parks were called to act as stewards and Hans Petersen [Hans Pederson] appointed clerk of the company.  The visiting brethren then addressed the Saints under the influence of the Spirit of God and every heart was touched by the words uttered and the pleasant influence which pervaded the assembly.  As the brethren left us to go ashore, we gave them several ringing cheers.  Soon afterwards the anchor was weighed and a small steamer tugged us out into the open sea.  I was very busy assisting the Saints in finding their baggage, which was scattered all over the ship, and showing the Saints their berths and getting [p.8] them settled down.  Thus I succeeded in bringing some little order out of chaos.  I also appointed guards to protect the Saints against the sailors, who seemed to take delight in annoying and insulting us in every way possible. . . . Thursday, 25--The experiment was made with the distilling machine which should change the salt sea water into fresh water, but the trial proved unsuccessful, as the man who had been assigned the task of running the machine was incapable.  Consequently, Elder Smith consulted with the captain, and it was decided that the ship should touch at Queenstown, Ireland, to take fresh water on board.  Sunday, 28--More water was brought on board, and we held a meeting on the after deck, at which Elder Smith spoke English, Elder Fagerberg Swedish, and I both Danish and English.  Later we held four meetings on the lower decks and administered the sacrament.  Soon after that, anchor was weighed and a tug boat hauled us out into the open sea; this gave me an opportunity to write a few lines to President Franklin D. Richards, informing him that the English steward had left us, and also three of the crew, namely, the third mate, the boatswain and a sailor. Monday 29--I accompanied the doctor visiting the sick, who were given medicine.  We administered to a number of sick persons, and commenced to organize choirs, both among the English and Scandinavians.  We also started schools in which the English were to teach the Scandinavians to read and speak the English language.


Diary of Annie E. Bertelsen:

On June 26th the 'Emerald Isle' sailed into the harbor of Queenstown to take fresh water on board, as a certain machine on the vessel used to distill seawater for culinary purposes was out of commission and could not speedily be repaired.  While the ship waited at Queenstown Elders Hans Jensen (Hals) and James Smith had an excellent opportunity to accompany the captain on a railway trip to Cork.  On the 29th the ship left Queenstown, but the voyage after that was anything but pleasant.  The emigrants received very rough and harsh treatment, both from officers and crew, and only by the strong protest of Elder Hans Jensen (Hals) in their behalf did they succeed in getting a part of their rights according to the contract made.  On one occasion, when one of the ship's mates attacked a sister by the name of Sander, Brother Jensen took hold of the mate and pulled him away, while sharply reproving him for his conduct.  Soon a lot of sailors came up ready for a fight, but the incident ended when the offender got a severe reprimand from the captain, whom Brother Jensen reminded of the promises made.  No other company of emigrating Saints from Scandinavia are known to have met with such bad treatment as this on board any ship in crossing the Atlantic Ocean.  Fortunately it was the last company of Scandinavian Saints which crossed the Atlantic in a sailing vessel.  From that time on only steamers were employed in the transportation of the Saints.  It was not alone the rough treatment which the emigrants received from the ship's crew that made the voyage so unpleasant, but the water taken on board at Queenstown soon became stagnant and unfit for use, causing much sickness among the passengers, and no less than 37 deaths occurred on the voyage.  Many of these, however, were caused by measles among the children, but the stagnant water, which all the passengers had to use, was undoubtedly the real cause of the heavy death rate.  I remember very well the first death on board the ship, which was a two year old little girl, she was a very pretty child, and they built a large casket for her, twice her size, and the partitioned [UNCLEAR] it off in the middle placing coal in the one end so that it would be sure and sink when she was lowered in the ocean.  When they placed her down into the water, it did not sink, it just floated away, and as we sailed along, we could still see this casket still floating in the ocean.  Our ship sailing one way and the casket still floating in another.  The parents were almost grief stricken.  After this the dead were placed on long boards with weights on each end so that it was sure that they sunk and went to the bottom.  It was a wonder that any of us lived to tell the tale.  I later heard that the ship on its return voyage back [p.31] sank with all its crew. (Bertelsen, Annie E., Diary, (Typescript) Utah Pioneer Biographies vol. 5, pp. 31-32 (FHL))


Journal of Elder Hans Jensen Hals:

Tuesday, 30--We again distributed provisions among the emigrants, which this time was more expeditiously done than before.  Quite a number of the passengers suffered with stomach disorders, and about a dozen children were down with the measles.  Friday, 3--Conversed freely with captain about the rights and privileges of the passengers, as both the sailors and officers treated the emigrants roughly and uncivil.  It came to harsh words between us, as I stood up for the rights of the people, exhibited my papers, and demanded that our people should be humanely treated and also have the portion of the water due them.  I succeeded in getting some concessions, though the captain was hard to move.  Monday, 6--A Swedish child died with measles early in the morning; the parents were overcome with grief, as it was their only child.  We had three barrels of English beer brought up from the hold, which was distributed among the sick.  A number of the bottles were broken, owing to the fomentation and strength of the beer.


Tuesday, 7 July--We held funeral services over the remains of the dead child, Elder Fagerberg officiated and preached the funeral sermon.  The wind blew heavily from the northwest and many of the Saints were seasick.          Monday, 13--This was our washday, and the first mate acted ugly and brutal towards our people.  He cut the strings and threw the clothes down on the deck.  And just as I was passing with the doctor he (the mate) grabbed Sister Sanders (from Grenaa, Denmark,) in the breast which caused her to scream.  I seized him and pulled him away from her with main force and upbraided him for his brutality.  While held the mate a number of the sailors and many of our people gathered around; also the captain.  I reminded the captain of his promises to me in Liverpool to the effect that he would permit me to settle any difficulty that might arise between the crew and the emigrants and that the sailors should not be permitted to abuse the Saints.  Incidentally I also remarked that if the ship’s officers and crew did not treat the emigrants right and humanely there were experienced sailors enough among them to manipulated the ship and bring it [p.12] safely to New York.  The captain then called the mate into the cabin and gave him a tongue lashing; he afterwards kept him three days in confinement.  It rained hard during the day.

            Sunday, 26--The storm continued, though scarcely so severe as on the first day, but the sea was very rough; the wind tore one of the larger sails, blowing portions of it into the sea.  We buried two Danish children who had died the previous night; one belonged to Brother Jens [Carl] Osterman [Ostermann], from Grenaa, and the other to a widow from Sjaelland, Denmark.  Still another Danish child died the same day.

            Monday, 27 July--Rain and contrary wind.  We buried the dead child.  The doctor and captain insisted on amputating Brother Christiansen’s broken limb, but I objected, and so it was bandaged instead.  We distributed special food and drink among the people, in order to alleviate their [p.14] sufferings and cheer them, but a great number of the Saints felt downhearted and discouraged, and some fainted through weakness.  During the violent heaving of the vessel a number of beds or berths fell down with people, boxes and valises that were in them, and everything of a moveable nature that could possibly get loose, was tossed about in the ship.

            Tuesday, 28--I was taken sick with fever, diarrhea, and severe pains in the stomach.  The doctor and captain made another attempt to amputate Brother Christiansen’s broken limb, but he protested so earnestly that they gave it up. 

            Thursday, 13 August--I went to the bank with drafts and drew $26,777.25 in greenbacks and $1,000 in gold, after which I took passage on a steamer back to the quarantine landing, whence a boat took me to the Emerald Isle.  Soon after I came on board anchor was lifted and a tug boat took the vessel in to the city wharf.  Here I landed together with the captain and the doctor and put up at the Stevens Hotel.

            Friday, 14--I went to Castle Garden and received the emigrants who were landed from the Emerald Isle.  After passing through the general routine at the landing offices, we boarded two steamboats which took us a couple of miles up the river to a large shed by the railway station, where we commenced to weigh the baggage and make other preparations for the overland journey. 


Life History of William James Kimber:

            . . . I left England starting from Liverpool the 20th of June, 1868 on a sailing boat named Emerald Isle.  We sailed for eight weeks before landing at Castle Garden in New York, August 14, 1868.  Much sickness and some deaths occurred on the vessel due to drinking bad water.

            The members of my family which came with me were:  Father and Mother, Charles and Elizabeth.  We left New York for the west, going by train to Council Bluffs which was located on the Missouri River.  We crossed over the river in a ferry boat in a rainstorm.  Here we remained for a few days.  We then loaded into cattle cars and traveled to Fort Benton which is about four miles from North Platte.  This was then the end of the railroad.  The time was August 25, 1868.  Men who had teams and wagons met us there.  The captain of the company was James Rathall from Grantsville.  The teamsters names were:  James Kirk of Tooele, Utah; Armis Bates of Tooele, Utah; John Rydalsh, Grantsville; and Lou Hales from Grantsville, Utah.  We had mule teams.  There were about 800 people came when I did.  I don’t remember much of our trip across the plains.  At Devil’s Gate a fish was caught and it was cooked for my mother’s breakfast.

            We got to Salt Lake City, Utah about the 25th of September 1868.

New York, then Onward

On August 11th the ship arrived at the entrance of New York harbor and 30 of the sick were taken ashore on Staten Island.  The following day (August 12th) eight other sick people were landed, and finally, after being held in quarantine three days, the rest of the emigrants were landed at Castle Garden, August 14th.  On the same day a steamer conveyed the emigrants a few miles up the Hudson River, where they found shelter in a warehouse for a couple of days, while their baggage was being weighed.  While staying there a boy belonging to the company died.  On the 17th the journey was resumed by railway from New York and the emigrants traveled via Niagara, Detroit and Chicago to Council Bluffs, where they arrived on the 21st.  The following day (August 22nd)  they were taken across the Missouri River by a steamboat and thence they traveled by the Union Pacific Railroad to Benton, seven hundred miles west of Omaha, arriving there in the morning of August 25th.  Here the Church teams met the emigrants and took them to their camp on the Platte River, about six miles from Benton, where they remained till August 31st, when the Scandinavian Saints took up the journey across the mountains by ox train led by Captain John G. Holman, while the English emigrants about the same time left by mule teams.  Elder Hiram B. Clawson acted this year as emigration agent for the Church.  The English Saints traveling with mule teams could ride, while the Scandinavians traveling with slow ox teams, walked most of the way to Salt Lake City.  Sickness continuing to rage among the Scandinavian emigrants, about thirty died between New York and Salt Lake City, where the surviving part of this, the 28th, company of emigrating Saints from Scandinavia arrived on the 25th of September, 1868. . . ."

Ship similar to the "Emerald Isle"

Ship similar to the "Emerald Isle"
Christian Radick is a Norwegian full rigged ship similar to the "Emerald Isle"

John G. Holman

John G. Holman

Story of the Teamsters

This is the story of the teamsters that left Salt Lake Valley with there Ox teams to transport the Scandinavian Saints from the end of the Rail Road in Benton, Wy. to the Salt Lake Valley.


Source of Trail Excerpt:

Lindsay, William, Reminiscences, 1927-1930, 284-89.

We started early in June and we was to meet the Captain & the main body of the train at the head of Echo Canyon. We camped on Silver creek & I came near getting hurt[.] the oxen I had on the wagon were rather wild & had not worked on the wheel as we called it & as soon as I unhitched them & the tongue dropped they started to run & the off ox kept kicking at me as it was still between them[.] I however got hold of the yoke clung to it till they slacked their Warship then I dodged out in front of them all right. Of course I soon learned how to prevent further trouble. The Weber river was very high & at Manston they charge a heavy toll & we have no money so we drove down 37 to Rockport up to Peoa & crossed the Weber on an old bridge with their running over it & all around it & went down to Warship on the other over very rough rocky road that never been traveled before by team. We intended to camp at Grass Creek but just we got to the Chalk Creek bridge some boys were coming with a bunch of cows & rushed them on to the old bridge to be ahead of our string of wagons. The bridge gave way & the cows & timbers were carried down the raging stream towards the Weber river[.] of course we camped right there. It was known that a new bridge was needed & new stringers were all in place ready to lay the new plank on. So next morning the new plank was laid & we crossed on it. Two days after we reached Cache cave at the head of Echo & joined the main part of the train. The men & teams were mostly from West Jordan, Cottonwood & Salt Lake. The Springville Provo Battle Creek & American Fork teams came up Provo Canyon & joined us at Heber. Now there was over 50 wagons & that many men besides the Captain John G. Holman[,] his assistant Chauncy Bacon & some 6 night herders. We laid over one day to get acquainted & get instructions as to our places in the train & what we were expected to do. The Captain warned us all to be very careful of our health. He said we are now starting out on a long & tedious journey that will take all summer. We have no extra men & every one of us have our part to do. One thing I especially remember[,] he said boys it will be warm days & cool nights traveling over the high mountain country[.] be sure to keep your coats handy so you can slip them on each evening as the sun goes down. We started on our journey[.] got over Bear river on bridge all right[.] Went over the Quakingash ridge[,] crossed the Muddy near Bridger & on to Green river which was a raging torrent a quarter of a mile wide. Three days before 6 men were drowned there by the ferry boat being up set & it certainly was a dangerous stream to cross. The wagons & men of course were taken over on the boat. But there was some 400 oxen & we had a job making them swim over to the other side. We finally drove them up the river to where there was a ripple or shallower place & the men on horseback forced the oxen into the stream & we on foot waded into the stream as far as we dare to keep them from turning back & of course the water was very cold & everybody had to get in up to the waist & stand there for hours. It took most of two days getting all the oxen over. There was several narrow escapes from drowning[.] one man was saved by getting hold of an ox's tail as he was being carried down the raging stream. another on a horse in swimming water[.] the horse turned over backwards with him and kicked him but others were near & helped him out. I tell you we were all thankful & happy when everything was landed safely on the other side. Men from the other train were still trying to find the bodies of their comrades. Some I think were never found although the river & its banks were searched for miles[.] Our train traveled on day after day on what was the original trail of the Pioneers[.] passed Big Sandy, Little Sandy & Dry Sandy & Pacific Springs & on to South Pass & Sweetwater which we followed down for nearly a week to Devil's Gate. From there we struck off to the right through Whiskey Gap & on to Rawlins on the line of the WP railroad. Some grading was being done there at that time. However we traveled on till we reached the North Platt near a railroad town called Benton. Here was very good feed for the oxen & was decided best for us to camp right there until our emigrants came along. Some of the other trains went on to Laramie and got the emigrants that came in the earliest companies. We were the last-train going down & we had to wait for the very last company of the season & they did not arrive till the first of September. We had taken supplies of flour bacon & beans with us[,] enough to last us & our emigrants back home. But having to wait so long our stores would have come short. So Captain Holman took a contract to haul some hundreds of cords of wood to some of the railroad camps & us teamsters soon filled the contract & in that way raised money to buy all necessary supplies. The North Platte River was still quite high when first reached it & the best feed was on the other side of the river. So we had to take turns going over to herd the oxen[.] we used the horses to get over & back & they had to swim. That was the only time in my life that I ever rode horses in swimming water & I was lucky in always getting a horse or mule that was easily managed. Of course we had lots of leisure time while lying over on the river but we enjoyed ourselves very well when off duty sing songs or playing games & visiting other camps as they came along on the return journey with their emigrants on their way to Utah[.] In these trains I met several persons that I had worked with in the coal mines in Scotland. John Livingston, Wm. Wilson & James Elliot among the rest. Of course we were very glad to see each other but they had to go on with their train. I met an old Scotch lady named Osborn who had been an invalid for 20 years but she had a very great desire that her body might be buried with the Saints in the land of Zion. That was her great ambition & to get her daughter who was with her settled down among the Saints. The Dear old sister was very frail but she had faith that she would live to reach the valley which she did. She died at Grass Creek & was buried in the Coalville cemetery & had a LatterDay Saint funeral & a nice coffin to lay her body. While we were lying over on the Platte river we were right in the midst of an Indian country & the Indians were worked up to desperation as they could see the railroad being built right through the heart of their country. So of course we had to use every precaution by herding our oxen night & day & guard our camp each taking turns guarding & herding. We had 2 excitements while there. Along in the summer the boys herding used to bathe in the river. There was another company camped higher up the river who also herded their oxen on that side of the river but we were careful not to get the herds mixed. Their men had been bathing & let their oxen get right close to our herd. So they ran in naked to separate them & our herders just caught sight of them as they were going over a point and of course thought it was Indians driving off a bunch of our cattle & came as quick as possible & gave the alarm. In less time than it takes to tell it every horse & mule was mounted by some one armed & equipped & off they went but of course soon learned it was a false alarm & came back[.] another time the oxen when the herders were careless or asleep crossed to our side of the river a mile or more below camp & started on the run. Some of us saw the dust. Knew it was our cattle & of course thought the Indians were driving them. Another big excitement & men on every horse in camp were following that dust in a very few minutes. & they went some 20 miles before the horsemen could <[]> the cattle had almost run themselves down but no Indians were seen. Of course we learned to be on the watch more closely after these 2 scares. Willard Carroll one of our Heber boys was taken down with Mountain fever & was very ill for some 3 weeks but we nursed him & attended to him the best we could[.] he got well & strong again before our emigrants came on. I don’t recall any other illness among the teamsters all the time we were gone. The mails were very uncertain in those days[.] in fact we did not get any letters or papers all the time we were gone & the folks at home did not get our letters either.

About the 1st of Sept. our emigrants arrived on the train. There was no station so we drove our teams alongside the trains & got the luggage belonging to the emigrants into our wagon[.] not however coming near to having a stampede our oxen did start to run when the whistle of the engine was blown but we got them stopped without any serious damage. Our emigrants were Scandinavians & of course we had a little trouble to understand each other for a time but we soon got to understand each other fairly well. I had 13 persons assigned to my wagon with all their belongings & they sure had a log of pots pans kettles & dishes of almost every kind. It took a day or so getting everything arranged ready for the journey. Of course we were hearing quite often of the Indians killing people[,] Sometimes ahead of us & sometimes behind us. Mostly however they were men traveling not more than 3 or 4 together & mostly miners[.] Rawlins’s horse train with emigrants traveled as near to us a possible & all were continually on their guard to prevent the Indian's from taking any advantage of us in any way. So in that regard we had no trouble. We of course could not travel so far each day as we did on the way down[.] usually 16 miles was a good days drive. Of course the emigrants had to walk if they possibly could as our teams had all the load they could haul with the bedding tents cooking outfits of the passengers. Prayers were had every morning in the corral before the oxen were brought in the morning & instructions at the same gathering. All that possibly could were expected to [be] in attendance[.] of course all had to stand up but the services were short. In this way we wended our daily journey towards the setting sun. However sickness a sort of Disentery broke out among our emigrants & strong healthy looking people mostly grown men died in a very few days after being taken ill. Some 15 persons died almost within that number of days. I helped dig the graves & cover up the bodies of a number of them. It seemed very sad to have to leave them by the wayside in shallow graves & without coffins & travel right on never to see their resting place again. This of course was very sad for the near relatives & friends. Of course we all tried to be cheerful & to cheer up the mourners & those who were downcast. I am pleased to say my 13 men women & children all came safely through to Salt Lake City. With it all we had some good times around the campfires when we got so we could talk a little Danish & they could talk a little English. Our oxen stood the journey fairly well[.] some of the oxen got tenderfooted & had to be shoed. As we came back Green river & the other streams were very low & could be forded easily. We were some 25 days on the way arriving in Salt Lake City near the last of Sept. There we unloaded our emigrants & bid them farewell.

Jack Morrow--notorious thief

Jack Morrow--notorious thief
Jack Morrow (center, notorious thief) seated on barrel, Benton, Wyoming, 1868.)

The Benton Story

As mentioned in previous journal entries, Benton, Wyo. Was the location where the railroad ended during these years.  Benton was a wild place and not a very desirable environment for the early Saints to be in for very long.

Benton, Wyoming (source:

The town, itself, was named after Thomas Hart Benton (1782-1858), senator from Missouri, father-in-law of John C. Fremont, and an avid advocate of western expansion.

Benton was Wyoming Territory's first ghost town. Benton, 11 miles east of present day Rawlins at UP milepost 672.1, lasted only three months from July to September 1868, and attained a population of 3,000. During that period, however, it provided an interesting contrast. On one hand, it had twenty-five saloons and five dance halls. During its brief existence, reputedly over 100 souls met their Maker in gunfights. One visitor referred to Benton as "nearer a repetition of Sodom and Gomorrah than any other place in America."

On the other hand, General Grant during his 1868 visit to Wyoming visited the town. Additionally, the town in August and September 1868, provided the jumping off location for 2,000 Saints in 5 companies heading to Utah.

The election of Grant brought out the voice of moderation, Legh Freeman, who again excited the attention of his readers, many of whom were Union veterans. Freeman, a former Confederate sympathizer, referred to Grant as "the whiskey bloated, squaw ravishing adulterer, nigger worshipping mogul rejoicing over his election to the presidency."  

Zane Grey continues with the Benton scene at night:

The sun set, the twilight fell, the wind went down, the dust settled, and night mantled Benton. The roar of the day became subdued. It resembled the purr of a gorging hyena. The yellow and glaring torches, the bright lamps, the dim, pale lights behind tent walls, all accentuated the blackness of the night and filled space with shadows, like specters. Benton's streets were full of drunken men, staggering back along the road upon which

 they had marched in. No woman now showed herself. The darkness seemed a cloak, cruel yet pitiful. It hid the flight of a man running from fear; it softened the sounds of brawling and deadened the pistol-shot. Under its cover soldiers slunk away sobered and ashamed, and murderous bandits waited in ambush, and brawny porters dragged men by the heels, and young gamblers in the flush of success hurried to new games, and broken wanderers sought some place to rest, and a long line of the vicious, of mixed dialect, and of different colors, filed down in the dark to the tents of lust.  Life indoors that night in Benton was monstrous, wonderful, and hideous. Every saloon was packed, and every dive and room filled with a hoarse, violent mob of furious men: furious with mirth, furious with drink, furious with wildness--insane and lecherous, spilling gold and blood. 

Ole's Route to the Salt Lake Valley

Ole's Route to the Salt Lake Valley

Trail Excerpt

 Source of  following Trail Excerpt:

Hals, Hans Jensen, Journal, in Journal History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 25 Sept. 1868, 18-21.

Trail Excerpt:


Tuesday, August 25—We arrived at Benton, the terminus of the railroad, where we met two companies of Church teams, about 100 teams altogether. We traveled with these teams about seven miles and camped on the North Platte; during the night we had to sleep the best we could without our baggage.

Wednesday, 26—Teams went back to Benton after our baggage. After they returned, we all got very busy with washing our clothes, raising tents, etc.

Thursday, 27—I was busy with accounts, all were busy making ready for the journey with the Church teams.

Friday, 28—Accompanied by Captain John G. Holman I went to Benton to make purchases for the company.


Saturday, 29—I again went to Benton and bought goods for $400. On my return to the camp I opened store in a wagon and distributed such provisions to the saints as they needed for the journey over the mountains. Four persons who had died were buried this day.

Sunday, 30—We loaded the wagons and held a meeting in the evening. The instructions from President Brigham Young were read, and the company was organized. I was appointed chaplain of the company that went with Capt. Holman’s train. There were about 60 wagons, with 12 persons to each wagon. Church Agent Pyper gave instructions to the company.

Monday 31—Accompanied by Brother Carl C. Asmussen I went to Benton and bought some medicine which we thought might be useful for the sick on the journey. We also bought guns and ammunition and other things for a number of the brethren.

Tuesday, Sept. 1—We commenced our journey in the wilderness. I traveled free with the Brothers Christensen, on condition that I should help them on the journey.

Wednesday, 2—I returned to Benton with $700 to purchase a pair of mules and a wagon for Brother Rasmussen, being accompanied by Peter Hansen and Brother Scholdebrand [Skoldebrand]. After making the purchase I was asked to remain in Benton till the next day to receive information about the baggage belonging to the sick.


Thursday, 3—Elder Hiram B. Clawson, William C. Staines and David O. Calder arrived at Benton from New York; they said the baggage belonging to the sick would arrive the next day. In revising the accounts, the brethren returned to me $400, which had been overcharged the company in New York, after which Brother Peter Hansen and I started out with our new team; after traveling about 30 miles we reached the camp of our company.

Friday, 4—Three mule teams were sent back after baggage; and the ox teams continued the journey. The road was sandy and rough. I administered to a number of sick in the evening and spoke encouragingly to the tired saints at the prayer meeting.

Saturday, 5—We traveled over sand hills and hard roads. Two wagons were left behind but were brought up in the evening. The captain killed a wild animal.

Sunday, 6—Two persons, who had died the previous night, were buried. We held a meeting at which the captain spoke comforting words to the saints.

Monday, 7—We arrived at Verrtri gap, where we found a fine camping place. Some of the saints murmured because of the provisions which consisted of bread and meat at every meal.

Tuesday, 8—We arrived at a point on Sweetwater river, where we struck the old emigrant road. The three wagons which were sent back after baggage overtook us.


Wednesday, 9—We traveled up the Sweetwater and camped for the night on that stream. One of our number died, and a little English girl broke her leg. I set the broken limb and blessed her.

Thursday, 10—We arrived at Antelope spring. The weather was cold and the wind, which raised a terrific dust, blowed in our faces all day.

Friday, 11—the unfavorable weather continued. We traveled through the South pass. A messenger was sent to South Pass city with letters.

Saturday, 12—We traveled to Little Sandy

Sunday, 13—Traveled to Big Sandy, where we held a meeting, at which Brother Peter Hansen, Andrew Larson and I spoke to the saints in a spirited manner.

Monday, 14—We arrived at Green river. While the people crossed in the ferry boat the wagons were hauled over through the water. Several necessary articles were bought and fresh provisions distributed at this point.

Tuesday, 15—We remained in camp all day. A numbers of the saints, myself included, suffered with mountain fever.

Wednesday, 16—We traveled to Ham’s Fork over a heavy road. One death occurred during the night.

Thursday, 17—We reached the Muddy. Our oxen strayed away during the night.

Friday, 18—Our oxen were brought back about noon; we traveled up the Muddy and saw large numbers of men working on the railroad grade.

Saturday, 19—Our oxen again strayed away during the night, and it took us half the day to find them. We then traveled to Yellow creek.

Sunday, 20—We traveled past Carter and made camp for the night at the upper end of Echo canyon.


Monday, 21—We traveled down Echo canyon and camped for the night near Coalville, Summit county, Utah.

Tuesday, 22—We passed through Coalville, where I Met Bishop William W. Cluff; camped on Silver creek, for the night.

Wednesday, 23—We traveled by way Kimballs, or through Parley’s park.

Thursday, 24—We crossed the summit of the mountains and camped for the night at the mouth of Parley’s canyon.

Friday, 25—We arrived safe and well in Salt Lake City.

Source of Trail Excerpt: Beard, George, [Reminiscences], in J. Kenneth Davies, George Beard: Mormon Pioneer Artist With a Camera [1980?], 15-20.

Trail Excerpt:

"The terminus of the Union Pacific Railroad, at that time, was in Benton City, (Wyoming) which was composed of shacks and tents occupied for saloons, stores, and living houses, used by the people who lived and worked on the railroad. The railroad would have a terminus about every forty or fifty miles and these towns were always built at the terminus. Benton City was about 700 miles from Omaha and about 300 miles from Salt Lake City.

"An incident occurred at Benton City which I shall never forget. In the car in which we were riding was a young lady about eighteen years old. Her name was Miss Rose Taylor, who was coming from England to meet her sister who had joined the Church and was living in Salt Lake City. When we were a few miles from Benton City, a powerful stranger boarded the car at a small side station. He inquired for Joseph Quinney. The parents of Miss Taylor had placed her in the charge of Mr. Quinney before they left England. He sat down beside Mr. Quinney and told him he had a warrant from the Court made at the request of her sister in Benton to arrest Miss Taylor and take her to Benton City. Mr. Quinney naturally objected to Miss Taylor going with the sheriff, but when the sheriff showed his star and two pistols and told Mr. Quinney that he would use one of his pistols if it became necessary to take Miss Taylor, Mr. Quinney realized that nothing could be done until we reached Benton City.

"An ox train and a mule train with their teamsters, were camped waiting at Benton City for the trains to arrive with the immigrants. Captain Mumford and Captain Holman (Gillespie in another account) had charge of the trains. Both captains decided to wait until Miss Taylor's case had been decided by the court...

"Mr. Quinney had asked Miss Taylor if she desired to stay with her sister in Benton City or go with the immigrants to Salt Lake City as her parents had desired. She told him she wanted to go to Salt Lake. When she appeared in court she had changed her mind and informed the court that she wanted to stay in Benton City with her sister. After the decision of the court, which decided that Miss Taylor must remain with her sister, a mob, consisting of gamblers, murderers, drunkards and the keepers of brothels, claimed that the Mormons had tried to force Miss Taylor to go with them to Salt Lake City to go into polygamy. The mob started out from Benton City for the purpose of burning the wagons and shooting up the Mormons in the wagons. The two captains received word that the mob was organizing and would soon reach the immigrants. The two captains formed both trains in a circle for defense, running the wagon tongues under the hind wheels of the wagon ahead. All the teamsters who had come from Utah for the immigrants carried guns and a good many of them rifles. The captains ordered all the immigrants who had guns to have them ready. The mob could be seen coming from Benton City, but before they had come very far a company of United States soldiers headed them back to where they belonged. About three days were lost during the time we were waiting. We left Benton City on September 1, 1868.

"The teamsters who had come from Utah had all been sent from Mormon settlements in Utah. These men had accepted the job as a 'calling' and made no charge for their services. They were a happy, jolly, healthy-looking lot of men who used to entertain the immigrants at the campfires every night, dancing and singing and telling stories...

"The trains traveled about 15 or 20 miles a day. I walked most of the way as there wasn't enough room in the wagon for me and I slept at night with only one blanket under the wagon on the hard ground. One day, while camped for dinner, a scorpion stung me on the thumb. It was very painful, but one of the teamsters opened the wound with his pocket knife and sucked the blood from the wound, and covered it with tobacco while he chewed. In a few days I was all right.

"After we had been out for several days, early one morning Henry Harker, who came from Fort Hariman [Herriman], Utah, woke the camp shouting 'antelope, antelope, come and get yours.' It was my first close sight of any wild animals, but I saw several herds of buffalo. One day a herd of them stampeded and headed towards our train. The extra riders who were with our train headed them off. They were so numerous we could feel the ground shake.

"The trail across the prairies was mostly over dreary sandy knolls covered with sage brush. Our trains were the last to come over the plains as the railroad was running their trains always after. The grass was eaten with the animals who had traveled over them ahead of us.

"When we got our first view of the Rockies showing the snow-covered tips, the trip became interesting. The travel across the Rocky Mountains on the eastern hills, through South Pass, was impossible because of the scarcity of feed so the captains decided to go over a new road, over a pass which was called Whiskey Gap. We were all notified that the pass was infested with rattlesnakes. As I had never seen a rattlesnake before, I was very interested when I saw a genuine diamond back dead by the side of trail; it caused a peculiar feeling and a shudder to go over me.

"When we camped on the Sandy River we were shown where Lot Smith and his Mormon band had burned a train of supply wagons loaded with food for the United States soldiers (of Johnston's Army) who were camped further ahead on the trail at Fort Bridger. A large black circle showed the remains of the burned wagons where we could see king bolts, tires, axles, etc. plainly showing that a daring big job had been well done. The charred burned remains of the wagons were in evidence in the large black burned circle...Edmund Eldredge, my next door neighbor in Coalville, was a member of the band. He enjoyed telling the story of how it was done.

"Our wagons crossed Green River on a ferry boat which was run by a couple of Mormons from Utah. They lived in a fresh new log house, the first I had seen. The lady took a big pan full of hot biscuits from the oven and filled one with good delicious butter and oh how I did enjoy it, as it was the first hot biscuit I had seen. I was half-starved and hungry and I must have eaten so ravenously that the husband laughed and told his wife to give me another.

"When we left the railroad cars at Benton City I am sure there wasn't an immigrant who wasn't 'lousy'. They were covered with genuine 'Emerald Isle' lice. Every seam in my pants shone with knits. At our first camp my pal, Joe Barber, and I went hunting, hunting for a place to hide so that we could strip stark naked to 'delouse' ourselves. We went over a knoll and found a depression, but a bunch of girls from camp beat us to it. None of them had a rag of clothing on; there were fat girls, thin girls, and just girls, some with red hair, brunettes and blondes. They ordered us away and told us to find a place of our own, but Joe and I lingered around there and made haste very slowly.

"When we camped on the Muddy River just a little before sundown, a wagon with a brand new cover drove into our camp and a man with a grin all over his face inquired of the captain for the wagon containing the Beard family. When we found it was our brother John who had immigrated several years before, who had come from Coalville with warm clean bedding and plenty of good fresh food to meet us, our joy knew no bounds. We laughed and we cried and talked and we went to bed that night in a good, clean comfortable bed in the wagon, the first comfortable bed which we had since leaving Stoneheads. Next morning, bright and early, John left the his stepping young steers could travel much faster than the poor old hungry worn-out oxen of the train could do.

"We camped next night at Fort Bridger, which had several large log buildings and one large fort with portholes to shoot through. All of these buildings were built of heavy green cottonwoods by Jim Bridger, who had two young pretty squaws who were desperately in love with him and raised two nice families. Their eyes always sparkled and they were pleased when Jim addressed them with his pet names for them, 'Damn your eyes' and 'Blast your eyes.'

"Bridger kept a trading post and kept supplies for the trappers, hunters and immigrant trains. I am informed that it was he who led the first white group of men to the Yellowstone Falls. He was an agile runner, wrestler and a famous shot and was both loved and feared by the Indians. He offered Governor Brigham Young a thousand dollars for the first bushel of corn that could be raised in Salt Lake Valley"...

"After leaving Fort Bridger, we came through Bear River City, which was then the terminus of the railroad builders. I saw six limp bodies hanging and dangling with ropes around their necks from telephone (telegraph) poles. I wanted to stop and look into the matter but was told by my brother to keep going and keep my mouth shut. He said evidently vigilantes had been busy there last night.

"Bear River City was located about six miles above the present city of Evanston, Wyoming. At that time the Mormon trail crossed Bear River, went past Yellow Creek and came into Echo Canyon at Cache Cave. Brigham Young, John Taylor, Wilford Woodruff and many of the leaders scratched with a nail their names in the soft sandstone ledge in the cave and can be seen today.

"The trip down Echo Canyon was very interesting to me. As I watched the wagon ahead of us go out of sight in the bend of the road and saw the cliffs getting higher and closer together, I was sure we would never be able to find our way out of the canyon. When we got to the narrowest place, which just had room for the road and the creek, my brother stopped and called our attention that there was where the Mormons decided to stop the soldiers from coming down the canyon and that a high bank, about ten to twelve feet high, had been made so that the dam could be filled with water and cover the road a long ways back up the canyon. High on the south side of the canyon, from which the Mormons could protect the dam, were tiers of long trenches, one above the other— the Mormons had built, on top of the towering upright cliffs on the north, rock forts; I later photographed some of them. Tons and tons of loose rocks were piled on top already to come crushing down on the soldiers in the narrow road. A path had been made into Lost Creek Canyon a few miles to the north. Later, I saw several rifle pits made by the Mormons where they cached their supplies, to be moved to Echo Canyon as needed. A little below this point the cliffs rose higher and were shaped so that they echoed every sound from below...At that point the road narrowed and went through a space between two huge rocks, which sometime before had fallen from the ledge and just left space enough to allow a wagon with a hay rack on top to pass through.

"When we came to the mouth of Echo Canyon, where Echo Canyon Creek joins the Weber River coming from the South, my brother John pointed to a rocky ridge in the south and said, 'Behind that ledge lies Home Sweet Home in Coalville.'"



Source of Trail Excerpt:  Bertelsen, Annie E., Diary, in "Utah Pioneer Biographies," 44 vols., 5:32.

Trail Excerpt:

On August 31st we started to cross the plaines by Ox Team which was led by Captain John G. Holman. We walked most all the way even if we were so tired and sick we could hardly go. There were 30 who died in crossing the plains, and in that number was my mother, who had hoped she would live to be buried on land, which she did. She was buried in a grave without any casket, just [w]rapped in a cloth, laid in the grave, placed brush over her before covering her with dirt. We arrived in Salt Lake City September 25, 1868, of a long and tiresome journey.


Source of Trail Excerpt:  "List of Passengers' Names In Captain J. G. Holman's Ox-Train," Deseret Evening News, 22 Sept. 1868, 4.


Anne Jacobsen and two children; Soren and [Petrine] Amalia Nielsen and four children; Jens [Carl Dederik] Ostermann and two children; Hanna Tolbo; Niels Olson; Erik [Andrew] and Sine Thorsen; Trine and Marie Pedersen; Wilhelmine Jorgensen; Peder and Christiane Clemensen and one child; Lauritz Thorsen; Karen Iversen. Maren S. Hansen; Else and Dorthea Nielsen; Inger Marie Hansen; Peder T. and Ane Lüsberg [or Thomason] and six children; Jensine Nielsen and four children; Gustaf Anderson and one child; Sven Anderson; Peder and Mette M. [Marie] Nielsen and three children; Frederik Kaysen; Anne K. [Kirstine] Westergaard and one child; Niels C. [Christian] Poulsen; Anne Kirstine Frederiksen; Carl L. [Ludvig] Andersen; Morten Madsen; Niels P. and Margrethe Nielsen and one child; Anne Margrethe Pedersen; Marie Thorsen; Stine Olsen; Marie Rasmussen; Otto and Charlotte Johnsen; Caroline Nüm; Anne [Marie] Blom; Hanna and Eva Gyllenskov [Gyllenskog]; Johan Johansen and one child; Anne Hansen; Marie Pedersen and two children; Soren Pedersen, Niels and Hanna Thuelson and one child; Kjersten Svensen; Anne M. Pedersen; Mads and Else Jacobsen and six children; Hans C. [Christian] and Karen Jensen; Carl and Marie Olsen; Tyregaard and two children; Christiane Tegen and two children; Hans and Maren [Kirsten] Sorensen; Lars Hansen; Nielsine Nielsen, Petronella Hansen and one child; Jens [Christian Anton] and Mariane Lind and five children; Ole and Ane Hansen and three children; Peder and Jensine Nielsen; Niels Peder Jensen; Hans Christensen; Niels P. Pedersen; G. [Gustave Walfred] Soderberg; C. [Christian] and Anne Ostergaard and one child; Hans [Christian] Kofod; Hansine Hansen; Torgny Gunnison and four children; Henrik and Bolette Engebrektson [Engebretson] and five children; Herman [Henrik] and Pernille [Pernilla] Cramer and three children; Mads [Peter] Kjoer; Ernst Taubmann; Marie Israelsen and three children; Helmut Cramer; Ole and Johanne Nielsen and four children; Rasmus and Johanne Raphaelsen; Christen and Johanne Nielsen; Hans and Jensine Nielsen and one child; Ole and Julie Olsen; Jacob and Anne Pedersen; Johannes and Mette Johansen; Ole Baierhom; Marie Nielsen and two children; Morten [Niels0 Nielsen; [Hans] Emil Andersen; Lars and Maren Nielsen and one child; Mariane Nielsen and one child; Anne R. Nielsen; Dorthea Nielsen; Christen Hansen; Karen Larsen and one child; Hans and Anne Larsen and two children; Anne Christensen and two children; L. M. [Lauritz Mathisen] Stenfeldt; Niels Olsen; Hans and Johanna Christoffersen; Anders Westersen; Christian Lund; Lars Nielsen; Niels and Marie Jensen; Jens and Christiane [Christine] Mikkelsen and two children; Maren Nielsen; August Poulsen and two children; Jorgen [Peter] and Else [Elsie Kathryn] Carlsen and two children; Christian [Christensen] and Stine [Marie] Fugl and three children; Lars Gundersen; Jorgen and Mariane Christensen and four children; Soren and Stine Jensen and three children; Anne Pedersen; Karen Hansen; Hans P. [Peder] Pedersen; Johanna Hansen; Augusta Dahl; Mathilde and Caroline Hansen; Margrethe Rasmussen and three children; Peder and Karen Johansen and two children; Jens and Marie Jeppesen and two children; Jacob & Ellen Nielsen & four children; Hans and Maren Jensen; [Anne] Marie Karstesen and two children; Elna Janson and three children; Hans and Cecilia Anderson and four children; Niels and Sisse Larson; Mikkel and Karen Jensen and five children; Sörine Jensen; Marie and Emilie Jensen; Maren Weiby and two children; Peder and Caroline Nielsen and five children; Ingeborg [T.] Christensen; Hans and Inger Anderson; Maren Jensen; Ole and Birthie Nielsen and one child; Pehr and Elna Jacobson and one child; Pohl and Anne Pehreson; Medvig Wahlgren; Morten Olson; Mons Nielsen; Morgens and Sigrid Pedersen; Charlotte Pedersen; Hannah [Klemmentsson] Jeppson; Karen and Laura Nicolaisen; J. S. Greco; Pehr Jönson; Johanna Roos; Ebba Santeson; Olof and Sisse Larson and four children; Anders and Inger Swäard; Niels and Hanna Nielsen; Jõnson; Marna Walter; Jorgen and Kirsten Olson and three children; Henrik and Stine Hansen; Johan and Maren Olsen; Maren Pedersen; Anne Marie Nielsen; Claus [Otto] Bohr; Rasmus Hansen; Niels [Mads] and Mäarie Hansen; Christen and Marie Jonson and one child; Jorgen Jõrgensen; Henrik and Anna Hansen and three children; Christian Poulson; Anna Mauntell; Assarina Anderson; Niels and Permilla Svenson; Anders and Karna Mortenson and two children; John and Inger Nielson and one child; J. [Jens] C. A. and Maria Gosberg and one child; Peder Andersen; Hans A. Nissen; Theodor and Frederikke Sammelsen; Johan and Marie Christensen and one child; Marie Jensen; Johan Carlsen; Rasmus Nielsen; Andreas and Johanna [Maria] Christensen and two children; Christian P. [Peter] and Marie [Pedersen] Lund and five children; Christine Lund; Christian Meyer and two sons; Karen Haugaared; Kirsten Jensen; Gustav E. and Jacobine Hunger and one child; Christian and Emil Richards; Morten Larsen; Harald Landin; Hans Jorgenson; Else Thamsen; Marie Olsen and one child; Anne Dorthea and Nielsine Christensen; Niels Jensen; Dorthea Jensen; Juliane Nielsen; Jens and Hans Pedersen; Karen Hyllested and two children; Elna Olson and three children; Johanna and Kirsten Hansen; Johanna Knudsen; Mariane Nielsen; Margrete Rasmussen and two children; Birgitte Jensen and two children; Hans Christensen; Hans and Marie [Dorthea] Jorgensen and three children, Maren Pedersen; Carl [F.] Liljeroth; Jens and Margrethe Larson; Niels and Else Pederson and one child; Peder and Jens Jensen; Mikkel and Dorthea Pedersen and one child; Christian Pedersen; Jens Christian Christiansen and two children; Jens Svendsen; Mette M. Christensen; Stine Jensen; Anne Samuelsen; Lars and Anne Sophie Jensen and six children; Cecilia Marker and two children; Stine Mathilde Christensen; Lars [J.] Christoffersen; Jacob A. [Andreas] Funk; Christen and Christine Andersen and one child; Peder and Petrine Pedersen and one child; Anders and Johanna Ljkungquist and two children; Karoline [Carolina] Kull; Lars Mattson; Andars Löfgren; Johanna Johnsen; Hans Anderson; Ole Jensen; Karen Nielsen; Karen Hansen; Lars and Anne Olsen and one child; Hans and Maren Jensen and one child; Manna Matsen; Peder, Christen, Stine and Otto Jensen; Anders and Anne Marie Madsen and two children; Johannes and Johanna Olsen and two children; Marie Christensen and two children; Karen Nielsen; Christine Christensen; Anders and Marie Madsen and four children; Ben and Ole Larsen; Peder and Jens Christensen; Kirsten Gregersen; Sophie and Maren Stine Gregersen; Hans Soren Hansen; Rasmus Hansen; Stine and Birgette Hansen; Anne Marie Christoffersen; John and Eliza Sköldebrand; David and Agnes Keir and one child; John and Jane Kier and three children; John Findley; John and Sarah Easthope; Hanna Taylor; Frantz and Elizabeth Warnum and five children; Mariane Bird; Elizabeth and George Beard; John Day; H. Smith, John Smith; George Smith; Samuel and Isabella Stuard and four children; Mary Stanford; Thomas and Sariane [Sarah Ann] Malinson; John Hirst and six children; Joseph [Thmas] and Nancy [Ann Hirst] Dardin [Deardin]; Thomas and Eliza Barber and two children; Ellen Porter and three children; Frederick and [Ann] Elizabeth Parry and one child; John and Rusanna Randel [Roxanna Randall]; Thomas and Elizabeth Cook and one child; William and Mary Bancroft; William Bancroft, Jun.; Andrew Robinson; Mary Cooper; John and Elizabeth Sharp and one child; John and Anne Sharp, Jun.; George Bishop; Rachel Williams; Mariane Collins; William and Hanna [Tregale] Burton and seven children; Mary Leth Bridge; William Wardle; George Giles, wife and three children.

Returning Missionaries:— Hans Jensen Hals, Peder Hansen, John Fagerberg, Anders Larsen, J. Walker, Carl Asmussen.


Source of Trail Excerpt:  Carroll, Willard, [Reminiscences], 2-3, in Daughters of Utah Pioneers Kane County Company, "Histories of Early Pioneers of Orderville and Kane County, Utah," comp. Hattie Esplin.

In 1868 I was called and went to drive a team after the emigration. The water was unusually high that year and while waiting for the bridge to be replaced over chalk creek near Coalville we heard of the death of Heber C. Kimball. The delay at Coalville caused me to miss the train I should have gone with, so with a horse team I made the trip with an ox team, being allowed the privilege of travelling at the head of the train the whole trip. The Green River was very high and just before we arrived there Capt. Seely of San Pete Co. had lost seven men by drowning. We had a narrow escape but all crossed safely. At the Sweet Water we came to a stage station still burning the Indiand [Indians] having killed the keeper[,] run off the stock and fired the station .


Crossing the Sweetwater

Crossing the Sweetwater

Devil's Gate

Devil's Gate
Distance: 970 miles from Nauvoo

A significant landmark noted by most journal keepers, Devil's Gate is a narrow cut made by the Sweetwater River through an immense rock with sides measuring three hundred seventy feet in height and more than a quarter mile in length. It was here that the suffering members of the Martin Handcart Company were brought by the rescuers before being carried west to the Salt Lake Valley during the bitter winter of 1856. Twenty men, under the leadership of Daniel W. Jones, remained for the winter at Devil's Gate to guard freight unloaded there by the independent wagon companies, in part to make room for exhausted members of the Martin Company. The Jones party suffered misery and starvation at Devil's Gate, at one point being reduced to eating boiled rawhide until friendly Indians gave them some buffalo meat. The episode was immortalized in Wallace Stegner's story "The Man Who Ate the Pack Saddle."

Ole's History After His Arrival in Utah


History of Ole Lasson Jr. after his arrival in Utah:

Ole worked hard and saved as much as he could toward building his home, lands and herd to provide for his family. He eventually ended up being the co-founder of the Fairview State Bank and the proprietor of the Fairview Mercantile Company.


History of “Fairview State Bank”. (Co-founded by Ole Lasson Jr.)

Wikipedia Encyclopedia records that “Fairview State Bank” was established in 1914.



By Kenneth W. Sundwall; Recorded in 1990

Another enterprise that played an important part in our family history was the Fairview State Bank.

In early January, 1914 a group of Fairview citizens considered the possibility of founding a home-town bank. Among them were Andrew Lasson and Peter Sundwall, who called a meeting on January 9, 1914 to organize the bank.

I have copies of the articles of incorporation of the bank which are dated March 5, 1914. The date is interesting. Peter Sundwall was nearly 66 years old at the time. That he would embark upon such an ambitious project at an age when most men are thinking of retirement is amazing.

The capital stock of the new corporation was listed as $25,000 and was divided into 250 shares with a par value of $100 each. Fifty three original shareholders are listed in the documents; forty six of them were residents of Fairview. Peter Sundwall Sr., Peter Sundwall Jr., and John Sundwall each owned 10 shares. Carl Sundwall held 2 shares. The total of 32 shares owned by the family accounted for 12.8% of the total shares of stock. The board of directors included A.R. Anderson, John C. Cutler, Andrew Lasson (Ole Lasson’s bro.), Ole Lasson Jr. (age 59 yrs.) and Peter Sundwall Sr. All were from Fairview except John C. Cutler of Salt Lake City, an officer of Zion's Bank, a bank that Peter Sundwall had used extensively.

The first officers of the corporation were Andrew Lasson (age 70 yrs.), President A.R. Anderson, Vice President and Peter Sundwall Sr. Cashier. Early papers indicate that Peter was the driving force behind the new bank.

Back issues of Sanpete County's Newspaper, the Mt Pleasant Pyramid, are on file in the Mt Pleasant City Library. I visited the library in August, 1989 and was given full access to the archives. My plan was to search for the annual 'Statements of Condition' of the Fairview State Bank that are required by law to be place in the local papers. While turning the pages of the editions that are now over 75 years old, I became absorbed in the news of that day, the headlines and the advertisements.

The paper in 1914 was filled with stories of impending war in Europe. World War I, which was looming on the horizon during the first half of 1914 and actually began in July, was then purely a European affair. Although our country did not enter the war for several years, we were very interested bystanders.

The June, 12, 1914 issue of the Pyramid contains the first official mention of the Fairview State Bank. Tucked away on an inside page is its first 'Statement of Condition.' The report showed total assets of $46,134.74. The little bank was already operating at a profit, having made the princely


(A.R. Anderson History) (he gave the opening prayer at Ole’s funeral service)

In 1913 Archibald R. Anderson helped established the Fairview State Bank as a junior investor and partner. He served as the vice president of the bank for 35 years until 1948.


Excerpt from the History of Art Miner: (Artie Uriah Miner, born 15 March 1906)

… I didn’t want to go back to the farm to work, I wanted to go and try and do something else. So I went out that summer with my brother, Glen, he had an automobile and I didn’t. We went to Calif. by way of Reno, Nevada and up to Northern Cal. Trying to sell woolen goods. We didn’t have very good success.


… I rode the railroad. I started as almost a tramp over the empty cars until we got away from the town and some of the railroad men of the caboose brought me into the caboose until I got down into Reno, Nevada. Then I took a bus and got home.


When I got home, about the middle of Aug., I had been trying for a couple or three years to get some sort of activity that I could take care of myself and go to law school in Washington, D.C.  There was a senator, Reed Smoot, in Washington, D.C. who had promised to help me and he got me on the list. But when I got back and tried to find out how my chances were, well I was number 40 on the list. This was really during the early part of the depression and there was nothing he could do. Well I changed my mind then, and decided, well, I’ll do something else. So I did a bit of checking and decided I’d go to Chicago and finish my law school in Chicago. Well, I went down and discussed it with my Father, and he said, “Well, that’s alright. I don’t know how you’re going to do it. I can’t help you. I can’t give you one dollar. You’ll have to go on your own.” Well, at that time in Fairview, we had a fellow who was president of the Fairview State Bank . He was also a bishop of the ward up there. Well I went to him and asked if I could borrow some money. I had no security or anything, except my Father had given me a life insurance policy. He’d been an agent for Beneficial Life Company and he had given me a life insurance policy on my life on my 18th birthday. Well I showed that to the bishop and the president of the bank and he said; “I’ll tell you what I’ll do. I’ll loan you $500. You assign that policy to me so if anything happens, well, I can pay for it out of the policy.” I had to have my Dad sign the note with me. He said, “I’ll never ask your Father to pay it, but I’ll hold this insurance policy that you’ve given me so if anything happen to you.”

 Well, with that and with the $500 loan he gave me, I went to Chicago and entered the University of Chicago.


Spoken at Ole's Funeral

Peter Sundwall: (statements at the funeral services of Ole Lasson Jr.)

My brothers and sisters, I assure you that I feel very humble in occupying this position and I pray that I may be able to say something that will be a comfort to these people. I have been impressed by the splendid tributes that have been paid to the character of this good man, Brother Lasson, by our Bishop Nielsen and Brother Anderson, and I hesitate to add anything to what they have said because I feel that all that has been said is true. I have myself become very much attached to brother Lasson from my associations with him in our administration of our bank as you know, he was for several years president and a director. He had the growth of the bank very much at heart, and as Brother Anderson remarked, during the worst years of the depression that we have just passed through, it was Brother Lasson’s thought, that no depositor in our bank must suffer any loss if it was in his power to help it. Everything that has been done in this hank is to the safety of the depositor. I admire Brother Lasson for the good common sense which he always displayed. He held that the affairs of this institution should be handled in a proper and satisfactory manner. There was much wisdom and council that Brother Lasson gave us. I am sure all the associated directors felt greatly indebted to Brother Lasson. He being the elder or oldest of the group naturally we looked up to him for the decisions on many problems which arose. We learned to love him for his wisdom.


He was a man of integrity, a man of honesty whose word could always be depended upon as being true and he achieved some degrees of success, in a way, and wasn’t he entitled to these blessings. Did he use these material blessings in a selfish purpose or way. When we think of the investment that he made in the institution across the street, the Fairview Mercantile Company, which institution he has been a large stock holder for many years, are we to assume that it was solely for a selfish purpose to acquire additional means for personal wealth, no it was certainly with a motive of doing a business service and a duty in this community. To think that Brother Lasson realized the need of such an institution, that it was needed In our community and he went about to help obtain one. In the establishment of the Fairview State Bank, I doubt his motive was a selfish one. It was to help the community because he realized the need for such an institution and he proved it and this was his primary motive. So we must recognize Brother Lasson’s business spirit and his desire to help in the development and foster the growth of our community. I might just go on a little farther and state that there are many individuals who can point out the fact that Brother Lasson has helped them financially when they have found themselves in need of finance, they have called on him.


It makes me very grateful to be privileged to have people of Ole Lasson’s character as a part of my heritage.  It motivates and inspires me to emulate his example. The statement made by Ole’s son Bernard Lasson says even more about the integrity of this great man when Bernard said: “Life was rich. We had a good family life; Mother and Dad were kind but firm with us. We learned discipline and carried responsibility. Honesty and integrity were impressed upon me from my earliest recollection. My parents were honored and respected by all who knew them. The Lasson name was almost synonymous with honesty.”

Fairview Merchantile Company

Fairview Merchantile Company